Michael Jackson
Born Michael Joseph Jackson
August 29, 1958(1958-08-29)
Gary, Indiana, U.S.
Died June 25, 2009 (aged 50)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Occupation Singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, choreographer, actor, businessman
Years active 1964–2009
Net worth $236 million (2007)[1]
Spouse(s) Lisa Marie Presley (1994–96)
Debbie Rowe (1996–99)
Children Prince Michael Jackson (b. 1997)
Paris Jackson (b. 1998)
Prince Michael Jackson II (b. 2002)
Parents Joseph Jackson (father)
Katherine Jackson (mother)
Signature

Website
michaeljackson.com

Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009), known as the “King of Pop“, was an American musician and one of the most commercially successful entertainers of all time. His unique contributions to music and dance, along with a highly publicized personal life, made him a prominent figure in popular culture for four decades.

He started a solo career in 1971, having made his debut in 1964 as a member of The Jackson 5. His 1982 album Thriller remains the best-selling album of all time, with four others — Off the Wall (1979), Bad (1987), Dangerous (1991), and HIStory (1995) — among the best selling. He popularized several intricate dance moves, such as the robot and the moonwalk. He is widely credited with having transformed the music video from a promotional tool into an art form, with videos for his songs “Billie Jean“, “Beat It” and “Thriller” making him the first African American artist to amass a strong crossover following on MTV, and has influenced scores of music artists.

Twice inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, his other achievements feature multiple Guinness World Records — including the “Most Successful Entertainer of All Time” — 13 Grammy Awards, 17 number one singles (including the four as a member of the Jackson 5), and estimated sales between 350 million and 750 million records worldwide.[2] He was also a notable philanthropist and humanitarian who donated and raised million of dollars through support of 39 charities and his own Heal the World Foundation.

Jackson’s personal life generated controversy for years. His changing appearance was noticed from the late 1970s and early 1980s, with changes to the shape of his nose and to the color of his skin drawing media publicity. He was accused in 1993 of child sexual abuse, although no charges were brought. He married twice, first in 1994 and again in 1996, and brought up three children, one born to a surrogate mother. In 2005, he was tried and acquitted of child molestation allegations. While preparing for the This Is It concert tour in 2009, Jackson died at the age of 50 in Los Angeles, California, after suffering from cardiac arrest. His memorial service was broadcasted live around the world.

Life and career

1958–75: Early life and The Jackson 5

Michael Jackson was born the seventh of nine children on August 29, 1958 in Gary, Indiana, an industrial suburb of Chicago, to an African American working-class family. His mother, Katherine Esther Scruse, was a devout Jehovah’s Witness, and his father, Joseph Walter “Joe” Jackson, a steel mill worker who performed with an R&B band called The Falcons. Jackson had three sisters: Rebbie, La Toya, and Janet, and five brothers: Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon, and Randy.[3]

Jackson had a troubled relationship with his father. He stated that he was physically and emotionally abused during incessant rehearsals, whippings, and name-calling, though he credited his father’s discipline for his success.[4] In one altercation recalled by Marlon, Joseph held Michael upside down by one leg and “pummeled him over and over again with his hand, hitting him on his back and buttocks”.[5] Joseph would also trip or push his sons into walls. One night while Michael was asleep, Joseph climbed into his room through the bedroom window, wearing a fright mask and screaming. He said he wanted to teach the children not to leave the window open when they went to sleep. For years afterward, Jackson said he suffered nightmares about being kidnapped from his bedroom.[5] Joseph acknowledged in 2003 that he regularly whipped Jackson as a child.[6]

Jackson first spoke openly about his childhood abuse in an interview with Oprah Winfrey broadcast on February 10, 1993. He said that he had often cried from loneliness and would sometimes vomit when he saw his father. In an interview with Martin Bashir, aired on February 3, 2003 as Living with Michael Jackson, he covered his face with his hands and began crying when talking about his childhood abuse. He recalled that Joseph sat in a chair with a belt in his hand as he and his siblings rehearsed, and that “if you didn’t do it the right way, he would tear you up, really get you”.[7][8]

He showed talent early in his life, performing in front of classmates during a Christmas recital in kindergarten. In 1964, he and Marlon joined the Jackson Brothers — a band formed by brothers Jackie, Tito, and Jermaine — as backup musicians playing congas and tambourine. Jackson later began performing backup vocals and dancing; at the age of eight, he and Jermaine assumed lead vocals, and the group’s name was changed to The Jackson 5.[3] The band toured the Midwest extensively from 1966 to 1968, frequently performing at a string of black clubs known as the “chitlin’ circuit“, where they often opened stripteases and other adult acts. In 1966, they won a major local talent show with renditions of Motown hits and James Brown‘s “I Got You (I Feel Good)“, led by Michael.[9]

The Jackson 5 recorded several songs, including “Big Boy“, for the local record label Steeltown in 1967, and signed with Motown Records in 1968.[3] Rolling Stone magazine later described the young Michael as “a prodigy” with “overwhelming musical gifts,” writing that he “quickly emerged as the main draw and lead singer.”[10] The group set a chart record when its first four singles (“I Want You Back“, “ABC“, “The Love You Save,” and “I’ll Be There“) peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100.[3]

Between 1972 and 1975, Jackson released four solo studio albums with Motown, among them Got to Be There and Ben, released as part of the Jackson 5 franchise, and producing successful singles such as “Got to Be There“, “Ben“, and a remake of Bobby Day‘s “Rockin’ Robin“. The group’s sales began declining in 1973, and the band members chafed under Motown’s strict refusal to allow them creative control or input. Although they scored several top 40 hits, including the top 5 disco single “Dancing Machine” and the top 20 hit “I Am Love“, the Jackson 5 left Motown in 1975.[11]

1975–81: Move to Epic and Off the Wall

The Jackson 5 signed a new contract with CBS Records in June 1975, joining the Philadelphia International Records division, later Epic Records,[11] and renaming themselves The Jacksons.[12] They continued to tour internationally, releasing six more albums between 1976 and 1984, during which Jackson was the lead songwriter, writing hits such as “Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)“, “This Place Hotel,” and “Can You Feel It“.[9]

In 1978, he starred as the scarecrow in the musical, The Wiz,[13] and it was here that he teamed up with Quincy Jones, who was arranging the film’s musical score. Jones agreed to produce Jackson’s next solo album, Off the Wall.[14] In 1979, Jackson broke his nose during a complex dance routine. His subsequent rhinoplasty was not a complete success; he complained of breathing difficulties that would affect his career. He was referred to Dr. Steven Hoefflin, who performed Jackson’s second rhinoplasty and subsequent operations.[15]

Jones and Jackson produced the Off the Wall album together. At the album’s pre-release party, Michael, himself, stated that Little Richard had a “huge influence” on him.[16] Songwriters for the album included Jackson, Heatwave’s Rod Temperton, Stevie Wonder, and Paul McCartney. Released in 1979, it was the first album to generate four U.S. top 10 hits, including the chart-topping singles “Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough” and “Rock with You“.[17] It reached number three on the Billboard 200 and eventually sold over 20 million copies worldwide.[18] In 1980, Jackson won three awards at the American Music Awards for his solo efforts: Favorite Soul/R&B Album, Favorite Male Soul/R&B Artist, and Favorite Soul/R&B Single for “Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough”. That year, he also won Billboard Music Awards for Top Black Artist and Top Black Album and a Grammy Award for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance, also for “Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough”.[17] Despite its commercial success, Jackson felt Off the Wall should have made a much bigger impact, and was determined to exceed expectations with his next release.[19] In 1980, he secured the highest royalty rate in the music industry: 37 percent of wholesale album profit.[20]

1982–83: Thriller and Motown 25

In 1982, Jackson contributed the song “Someone In the Dark” to the storybook for the film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial; the record won a Grammy for Best Album for Children.[21] That same year Jackson issued his second Epic album, Thriller, which became the most commercially successful album of all time. The album remained in the top 10 of the Billboard 200 for 80 consecutive weeks and 37 of those weeks at the peak position. It was the first album to have seven Billboard Hot 100 top 10 singles, including “Billie Jean“, “Beat It,” and “Wanna Be Startin’ Somethin’.”[22] Thriller was certified for 28 million shipments by the RIAA, giving it Double Diamond status in the United States.[23] It is the best-selling album of all time, with 110 million copies worldwide.[24] Jackson’s attorney John Branca noted that Jackson had the highest royalty rate in the music industry at that point: approximately $2 for every album sold. He was also making record-breaking profits from sales of CDs and The Making of Michael Jackson’s Thriller, a documentary produced by Jackson and John Landis. Funded by MTV, the documentary sold over 350,000 copies in a few months. The era saw the arrival of novelties like dolls modeled after Michael Jackson, which appeared in stores in May 1984 at a price of $12.[25] Biographer J. Randy Taraborrelli writes that, “Thriller stopped selling like a leisure item — like a magazine, a toy, tickets to a hit movie — and started selling like a household staple.”[26]

MichaelJacksonMoonwalk.ogg

Jackson debuts the moonwalk during his performance on Motown 25

Time described Jackson’s influence at that point as “Star of records, radio, rock video. A one-man rescue team for the music business. A songwriter who sets the beat for a decade. A dancer with the fanciest feet on the street. A singer who cuts across all boundaries of taste and style and color too”.[25] The New York Times wrote that, “in the world of pop music, there is Michael Jackson and there is everybody else”.[27]

On March 25, 1983, he performed live on the Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever television special, both with The Jackson 5 and on his own singing “Billie Jean”. Wearing a distinctive sequined glove, he debuted his signature dance move, the moonwalk, which former Soul Train dancer and Shalamar member, Jeffrey Daniel had taught him 3 years before. His performances during the event were seen by 47 million viewers, and drew comparisons to Elvis Presley‘s and the The Beatles‘ appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show.[28] Anna Kisselgoff of the The New York Times said, “The moonwalk that he made famous is an apt metaphor for his dance style. How does he do it? As a technician, he is a great illusionist, a genuine mime. His ability to keep one leg straight as he glides while the other bends and seems to walk requires perfect timing.”[29]

1984–85: Pepsi, “We Are the World” and business career

On January 27, 1984, Michael and other members of the Jacksons filmed a Pepsi Cola commercial, overseen by executive Philip Dusenberry,[30] at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. In front of a full house of fans during a simulated concert, pyrotechnics accidentally set Jackson’s hair on fire. He suffered second-degree burns to his scalp. Jackson underwent treatment to hide the scars on his scalp, and he also had his third rhinoplasty shortly thereafter.[15] Pepsi settled out of court, and Jackson donated his $1.5 million settlement to the Brotman Medical Center in Culver City, California, which now has a “Michael Jackson Burn Center”.[31]

Jackson at the White House South Portico with President Ronald Reagan and first lady Nancy Reagan, 1984

On May 14, 1984, Jackson was invited to the White House to receive an award from President Ronald Reagan for his support of charities that helped people overcome alcohol and drug abuse.[32] Jackson won eight awards during the Grammys that year.

Unlike later albums, Thriller did not have an official tour to promote it, but the 1984 Victory Tour, headlined by The Jacksons, showcased much of Jackson’s new solo material to more than two million Americans. He donated his $5 million share from the Victory Tour to charity.[33] He also co-wrote the charity single “We Are the World” in 1985 with Lionel Richie, which was released worldwide to aid the poor in the U.S. and Africa. It became one of the best-selling singles of all time, with nearly 20 million copies sold and millions of dollars donated to famine relief.[34]

In 1985, ATV Music, a music publishing company owning thousands of music copyrights, including the Northern Songs catalogue that contained the majority of the Lennon/McCartney compositions recorded by The Beatles, was put up for sale.[35][36] Jackson had become interested in owning music catalogs after working with Paul McCartney in the early 1980s: Jackson had learned McCartney made approximately $40 million a year from other people’s songs. McCartney’s attorney assured Jackson’s attorney that McCartney was not interested in bidding on ATV: McCartney reportedly said “It’s too pricey”. However, McCartney later changed his mind and tried to persuade John Lennon’s widow Yoko Ono to join him in a joint bid. Ono declined, and McCartney pulled out. Jackson eventually beat the rest of the competition in negotiations that lasted 10 months, purchasing the catalog for $47.5 million.[35][37]

1986–87: Appearance, tabloids, Bad, autobiography, and films

Jackson’s skin had been a medium-brown color for the entire duration of his youth, but starting in the mid 1980s, it gradually grew paler. The change gained widespread media coverage, including rumors that he was bleaching his skin.[38] According to J. Randy Taraborrelli‘s biography, in 1986, Jackson was diagnosed with vitiligo and lupus; the vitiligo partially lightened his skin, and the lupus was in remission; both illnesses made him sensitive to sunlight. The treatments he used for his condition further lightened his skin tone, and, with the application of pancake makeup to even out blotches, he could appear very pale.[39] The structure of his face had also changed: several surgeons speculated that he had undergone multiple nasal surgeries, a forehead lift, thinned lips, and cheekbone surgery.[40]

He lost weight in the early 1980s because of a change in diet and a desire for “a dancer’s body”.[41] Witnesses reported that he was often dizzy and speculated that he was suffering from anorexia nervosa; periods of weight loss would become a recurring problem later in life.[42] Some medical professionals have said he was suffering from body dysmorphic disorder, a psychological condition whereby the sufferer dislikes his appearance and has no concept of how he is viewed by others.[39] He had a fourth rhinoplasty in 1986, and had a cleft put in his chin.[15][43] However in the documentary Living with Michael Jackson he stated in an interview that only had two rhinoplasties and no other facial modifications.

Jackson two years after he was diagnosed with vitiligo, here in the early stages of the disease

He became the subject of increasingly sensational reports. In 1986, the tabloids ran a story claiming that Jackson slept in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber to slow the aging process; he was pictured lying down in a glass box. Although the claim was untrue, Jackson had disseminated the fabricated story himself.[43][44] When Jackson bought a chimpanzee called Bubbles from a laboratory, it was reported as an example of increasing detachment from reality.[45] It was reported that Jackson had offered to buy the bones of Joseph Merrick (the “elephant man”) and although untrue, Jackson did not deny the story.[43][44] Although initially he saw these stories as beneficial publicity, he stopped leaking untruths to the press as they became more sensational, so the media began making up their own stories.[44][46]

These reports became embedded in the public consciousness, inspiring the nickname “Wacko Jacko,” which Jackson came to despise.[47] Responding to the gossip, Jackson remarked to a reporter:

Why not just tell people I’m an alien from Mars. Tell them I eat live chickens and do a voodoo dance at midnight. They’ll believe anything you say, because you’re a reporter. But if I, Michael Jackson, were to say, “I’m an alien from Mars and I eat live chickens and do a voodoo dance at midnight,” people would say, “Oh, man, that Michael Jackson is nuts. He’s cracked up. You can’t believe a damn word that comes out of his mouth.”[48]

Jackson wore a gold-plated military style jacket with belt in the Bad era.

Jackson starred in the 3-D film Captain EO, directed by Francis Ford Coppola. It was the most expensive film produced on a per-minute basis at the time, and was later hosted in Disney theme parks. Disneyland featured the film in its Tomorrowland area for nearly 11 years, while Walt Disney World screened the film in its Epcot theme park from 1986 to 1994.[49] With the industry expecting another major hit, Jackson’s first album in five years, Bad (1987), was highly anticipated.[50] It had lower sales than Thriller, but was still a substantial commercial success, spawning seven hit singles in the U.S., five of which (“I Just Can’t Stop Loving You“, “Bad“, “The Way You Make Me Feel“, “Man in the Mirror” and “Dirty Diana“) reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 charts, more than any other album.[51] As of 2008, the album had sold 30 million copies worldwide.[52]

In 1987, Jackson disassociated himself from the Jehovah’s Witnesses, in response to their disapproval of the Thriller video.[53] The Bad World Tour began on September 12 that year, finishing on January 14, 1989.[54] In Japan alone, the tour had 14 sellouts and drew 570,000 people, nearly tripling the previous record of 200,000 in a single tour.[55] He broke a Guinness World Record when 504,000 people attended seven sold-out shows at Wembley Stadium. He performed a total of 123 concerts to an audience of 4.4 million people, and gained a further Guinness World Record when the tour grossed him $125 million. During the trip he invited underprivileged children to watch for free, and gave donations to hospitals, orphanages, and other charities.[54]

1988–90: Autobiography, changing appearance, and Neverland

In 1988, Jackson released his first autobiography, Moon Walk, which took four years to complete and sold 200,000 copies.[56] Jackson wrote about his childhood, The Jackson 5, and the abuse he had suffered.[57] He also spoke of his plastic surgery, saying he had had two rhinoplastic surgeries and the surgical creation of a cleft in his chin.[41] He attributed much of the change in the structure of his face to puberty, weight loss, a strict vegetarian diet, a change in hair style, and stage lighting.[41] Moon Walk reached the top position on The New York Times best sellers’ list.[58] The musician then released a film called Moonwalker, which featured live footage and music videos that starred Jackson and Joe Pesci. Moonwalker debuted atop the Billboard Top Music Video Cassette chart, staying there for 22 weeks. It was eventually knocked off the top spot by Michael Jackson: The Legend Continues.[59]

In March 1988, Jackson purchased land near Santa Ynez, California to build Neverland Ranch at a cost of $17 million. He installed Ferris wheels, a menagerie, and a movie theater on the 2,700-acre (11 km2) property. A security staff of 40 patrolled the grounds. In 2003, it was valued at approximately $100 million.[10][60] In 1989, his annual earnings from album sales, endorsements, and concerts was estimated at $125 million for that year alone.[61] Shortly afterwards, he became the first Westerner to appear in a television ad in the Soviet Union.[59]

His success resulted in his being dubbed the “King of Pop.”[62][63][64][65] The nickname was popularized by Elizabeth Taylor when she presented him with the Soul Train Heritage Award in 1989, proclaiming him “the true king of pop, rock and soul.”[66] President George H. W. Bush presented him with The White House’s special “Artist of the Decade.”[67] From 1985 to 1990, he donated $500,000 to the United Negro College Fund, and all of the profits from his single “Man in the Mirror” went to charity.[68][69] Jackson’s live rendition of “You Were There” at Sammy Davis Jr.’s 60th birthday celebration received an Emmy nomination.[59]

1991–93: Dangerous, Heal the World Foundation and Super Bowl XXVII

In March 1991, Jackson renewed his contract with Sony for $65 million, a record-breaking deal at the time, displacing Neil Diamond‘s renewal contract with Columbia Records.[60] He released his eighth album Dangerous in 1991. As of 2008, Dangerous had shipped seven million copies in the U.S. and had sold 32 million copies worldwide; it is the most successful new jack swing album of all time.[70][71][72] In the United States, the album’s first single “Black or White” was its biggest hit, reaching number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and remaining there for seven weeks, with similar chart performances worldwide.[73] The album’s second single “Remember the Time” spent eight weeks in the top five in the United States, peaking at number three on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart.[74] In 1993, Jackson performed the song at the Soul Train Awards in a chair, saying he had suffered an injury in rehearsals.[75] In the UK and other parts of Europe, “Heal the World” was the biggest hit from the album; it sold 450,000 copies in the UK and spent five weeks at number two in 1992.[74]

Jackson founded the “Heal the World Foundation” in 1992. The charity organization brought underprivileged children to Jackson’s ranch to enjoy theme park rides that Jackson had built on the property. The foundation also sent millions of dollars around the globe to help children threatened by war and disease. The Dangerous World Tour began on June 27, 1992, and finished on November 11, 1993. Jackson performed to 3.5 million people in 67 concerts. All profits from the concerts went to the “Heal the World Foundation”, raising millions of dollars in relief.[74][76] He sold the broadcast rights to his Dangerous world tour to HBO for $20 million, a record-breaking deal that still stands.[77] Following the illness and death of Ryan White, Jackson helped draw public attention to HIV/AIDS, something that was still controversial at the time. He publicly pleaded with the Clinton Administration at Bill Clinton‘s Inaugural Gala to give more money to HIV/AIDS charities and research.[78][79]

In a high-profile visit to Africa, Jackson visited several countries, among them Gabon and Egypt.[80] His first stop to Gabon was greeted with a sizable reception of more than 100,000 people in “spiritual bedlam”, some of them carrying signs that read, “Welcome Home Michael”.[80] In his trip to the Ivory Coast, Jackson was crowned “King Sani” by a tribal chief.[80] He then thanked the dignitaries in French and English, signed official documents formalizing his kingship and sat on a golden throne while presiding over ceremonial dances.[80]

One of Jackson’s most acclaimed performances came during the halftime show at Super Bowl XXVII. As the performances began, Jackson was catapulted onto the stage as fireworks went off behind him. As he landed on the canvas, he maintained a motionless “clenched fist, standing statue stance”, dressed in a gold and black military outfit and sunglasses; he remained completely motionless for several minutes while the crowd cheered. He then slowly removed his sunglasses, threw them away and began to sing and dance. His routine included four songs: “Jam“, “Billie Jean”, “Black or White” and “Heal the World”. It was the first Super Bowl where the audience figures increased during the half-time show, and was viewed by 135 million Americans alone; Jackson’s Dangerous album rose 90 places up the album chart.[38]

Jackson was given the “Living Legend Award” at the 35th Annual Grammy Awards in Los Angeles. “Black or White” was Grammy nominated for best vocal performance. “Jam” gained two nominations: Best R&B Vocal Performance and Best R&B Song.[74]

1993: First child sexual abuse allegations

Jackson gave a 90-minute interview to Oprah Winfrey in February 1993, his second television interview since 1979. He grimaced when speaking of his childhood abuse at the hands of his father; he believed he had missed out on much of his childhood years, admitting that he often cried from loneliness. He denied tabloid rumors that he had bought the bones of the Elephant Man, slept in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber, or bleached his skin, stating for the first time that he had vitiligo. The interview was watched by an American audience of 90 million, becoming the fourth most-viewed non-sport program in U.S. history. It also increased awareness of vitiligo, a relatively unknown condition. Dangerous re-entered the album chart in the top 10, more than a year after its original release.[8][38][74]

In the summer of 1993, Jackson was accused of child sexual abuse by a 13-year-old boy named Jordan Chandler and his father, Evan Chandler, a dentist.[81] A year after Jackson met the boy, under the influence of sodium amytal, a controversial sedative, Jordan told his father that Jackson had touched his penis.[82] The father was tape-recorded discussing his intention to pursue charges, where he said, “If I go through with this, I win big-time. There’s no way I lose. I will get everything I want and they will be destroyed forever … Michael’s career will be over”.[83] He and Jackson engaged in unsuccessful negotiations to reach a financial settlement. The negotiations were initiated by Chandler but Jackson did make several counter offers. Jordan told a psychiatrist and later police that he and Jackson had engaged in acts of kissing, masturbation and oral sex, as well as giving a detailed description of what he alleged were the singer’s genitals.[84]

An official investigation began, with Jordan’s mother adamant that there was no wrongdoing on Jackson’s part. Neverland Ranch was searched; and multiple children and family members denied that Jackson was a pedophile,[84] though his image took a further hit when his older sister, La Toya, accused him of being a pedophile, a statement she later retracted.[85] Jackson agreed to a 25-minute strip search, conducted by police and doctors at his ranch, required to see if a description provided by Jordan of Jackson’s genitals was accurate. Doctors concluded there were strong similarities, but it was not a definitive match.[85] His friends said he never recovered from the humiliation. He described the search in an emotional public statement, and proclaimed his innocence.[81]

The tabloids painted him in an extremely unfavorable light.[86] Complaints about them included bias against Jackson, paying for stories about alleged criminal activity, and buying leaked confidential material from the police investigation.[87] On January 1, 1994, Jackson settled with the Chandlers out of court for $22 million, after which Jordan stopped co-operating regarding criminal proceedings. Jackson was never charged, and the state closed its criminal investigation, citing lack of evidence.[88]

1994: First marriage

Jackson married Lisa Marie Presley (pictured here at Daytona International Speedway in 2005) on May 26, 1994.

In May 1994, Jackson married singer-songwriter Lisa Marie Presley, the daughter of Elvis Presley. They had first met in 1975 during one of Jackson’s family engagements at the MGM Grand Hotel and Casino, and were reconnected through a mutual friend in early 1993.[86] They stayed in contact every day over the telephone. As the child molestation accusations became public, Jackson became dependent on Presley for emotional support; she was concerned about his faltering health and addiction to drugs.[89] Presley explained, “I believed he didn’t do anything wrong and that he was wrongly accused and yes I started falling for him. I wanted to save him. I felt that I could do it.”[90] In a phone call he made to her, she described him as high, incoherent and delusional.[89] Shortly afterwards, she persuaded him to settle the allegations out of court and go into rehabilitation to recover.[89] Jackson proposed to Presley over the telephone towards the fall of 1993, saying, “If I asked you to marry me, would you do it?”[89] They married in the Dominican Republic in secrecy, denying it for nearly two months afterwards.[91] The marriage was, in her words, “a married couple’s life … that was sexually active”.[92] At the time, the tabloid media speculated that the wedding was a ploy to prop up Jackson’s public image.[91] Jackson and Presley divorced less than two years later, remaining friendly.[93]

1995–97: HIStory

One of many identical statues, positioned throughout Europe to promote HIStory. The statue illustrates the singer’s flamboyant clothing and hair style, influenced by military imagery.

In 1995, Jackson merged his ATV Music catalog with Sony’s publishing division creating Sony/ATV Music Publishing. Jackson retained half-ownership of the company, earned $95 million upfront as well as the rights to even more songs.[36][94] He then released the double album HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I. The first disc, HIStory Begins, was a 15-track greatest hits album, and was later reissued as Greatest Hits – HIStory Vol. I in 2001, while the second disc, HIStory Continues, contained 15 new songs. The album debuted at number one on the charts and has been certified for seven million shipments in the US.[95] It is the best-selling multiple-disc album of all-time, with 20 million copies (40 million units) sold worldwide.[73][96] HIStory received a Grammy nomination for best album.[97]

The first single released from the album was the double A-sideScream/Childhood“. “Scream” was a duet, performed with Jackson’s youngest sister Janet. The single had the highest debut on the Billboard Hot 100 at number five, and received a Grammy nomination for “Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals”.[97]You Are Not Alone” was the second single released from HIStory; it holds the Guinness World Record for the first song ever to debut at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.[61] It was seen as a major artistic and commercial success, receiving a Grammy nomination for “Best Pop Vocal Performance”.[97] In late 1995, Jackson was rushed to a hospital after collapsing during rehearsals for a televised performance; the incident was caused by a stress related panic attack.[98]Earth Song” was the third single released from HIStory, and topped the UK singles chart for six weeks over Christmas 1995; it sold a million copies, making it Jackson’s most successful single in the UK.[97] The HIStory World Tour began on September 7, 1996, and finished on October 15, 1997. Jackson performed 82 concerts in 58 cities to over 4.5 million fans. The show, which visited five continents and 35 countries, became Jackson’s most successful in terms of audience figures.[54]

1996–99: Second marriage and fatherhood

During the Australian leg of the HIStory World Tour, Jackson married dermatology nurse Deborah Jeanne Rowe on November 14, 1996 in an impromptu ceremony close to his Sydney hotel room. She gave birth to Michael’s first two children: a son, Michael Joseph Jr., commonly known as Prince, and a daughter, Paris-Michael Katherine.[93][99] Rowe and Jackson first met in the mid-1980s, when Jackson was allegedly diagnosed with vitiligo. She spent many years treating his illness as well as providing emotional support. They built a strong friendship, then became romantically involved.[100] Originally there were no plans to marry, but following Rowe’s first pregnancy, Jackson’s mother intervened and persuaded them to do so.[101] Jackson later claimed that he was in such a rush to leave the hospital with daughter Paris in 1998 because he was worried to hear any bad news like the time of Prince’s birth when he was told that the baby wasn’t breathing correctly.[102] The couple divorced in 1999, and remained friends, with Rowe giving full custody of the children to Jackson.[103]

In 1997, Jackson released Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix, which contained remixes of hit singles from HIStory and five new songs. Worldwide sales stand at 6 million copies as of 2007, making it the best selling remix album ever released. It reached number one in the UK, as did the title track.[104][105] In the US, the album was certified platinum, but only reached number 24.[70][97] Forbes placed his annual income at $35 million in 1996 and $20 million in 1997.[60]

Throughout June 1999, Jackson was involved in a number of charitable events. He joined Luciano Pavarotti for a benefit concert in Modena, Italy. The show was in support of the non-profit organization War Child, and raised a million dollars for the refugees of Kosovo, as well as additional funds for the children of Guatemala.[106] Later that month, Jackson organized a set of “Michael Jackson & Friends” benefit concerts in Germany and Korea. Other artists involved included Slash, The Scorpions, Boyz II Men, Luther Vandross, Mariah Carey, A. R. Rahman, Prabhu Deva Sundaram, Shobana Chandrakumar, Andrea Bocelli and Luciano Pavarotti. The proceeds went to the “Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund”, the Red Cross and UNESCO.[107]

2000–03: Label dispute, Invincible and third child

In October 2001, Jackson released Invincible. This was his first album in six years, and it turned out to be the last album of new material he released while still alive. The release of the album was preceded by a dispute between Jackson and his record label, Sony Music Entertainment.

Jackson had expected the licenses to the masters of his albums to revert to him sometime in the early 2000s. Once he had the licenses, he would be able to promote the material however he pleased and he would also be able to keep all the profits. However, due to various clauses in the contract, the revert date turned out to be many years away. Jackson discovered that the attorney who represented him in the deal was also representing Sony, creating a conflict of interest.[105] Jackson was also concerned about another conflict of interest. For a number of years, Sony had been pushing to buy all of Jackson’s share in their music catalog venture. Jackson feared that Sony might ironically have something to gain from Jackson’s career failing, since if his career did fail he would have to sell his share of the catalog.[108]

Jackson used these conflicts as leverage to exit his contract early.[105] Just before the release of Invincible, Jackson informed the head of Sony Music Entertainment, Tommy Mottola, that he was leaving Sony.[105] As a result, all singles releases, video shootings and promotions concerning the Invincible album were canceled.

In spite of the uproar preceding its release, Invincible came out in October 2001 to much anticipation. Just before the album’s release, a special 30th Anniversary celebration at Madison Square Garden occurred in September 2001 to mark the singer’s 30th year as a solo artist. Jackson appeared onstage alongside his brothers for the first time since 1984.[109] The show also featured performances by Mýa, Usher, Whitney Houston, ‘N Sync, Destiny’s Child, Monica, Luther Vandross, and Slash, among other artists.[110] In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, Jackson helped organize the United We Stand: What More Can I Give benefit concert at RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C. The concert was aired on October 21, 2001, and included performances from dozens of major artists, including Jackson, who performed his song “What More Can I Give” as the finale.[108]

Invincible proved to be a hit, debuting atop the charts in 13 countries and going on to sell approximately 10 million copies worldwide. It received double-platinum certification in the US.[70][73][108] However, the sales for Invincible were lower than those of his previous releases, due in part to a lack of promotion, no supporting world tour and the label dispute. The album also came out at a bad time for the music industry in general.[108] The album cost $30 million to record, not including promotional expenditures. [111]

Invincible spawned three singles, “You Rock My World“, “Cry” and “Butterflies“, the latter without a music video.

Jackson alleged in July 2002 that Mottola was a “devil” and a “racist” who did not support his African-American artists, using them merely for his own personal gain.[105] He charged that Mottola had called his colleague Irv Gotti a “fat nigger“.[112] Sony refused to renew Jackson’s contract, and claimed that a $25 million promotional campaign had failed because Jackson refused to tour in the United States.[111]

Jackson’s third child, Prince Michael Jackson II (nicknamed “Blanket”) was born in 2002.[113] The mother’s identity is unknown, but Jackson has said the child was the result of artificial insemination from a surrogate mother and his own sperm cells.[103] In November of that year, Jackson brought his newborn son onto the balcony of his room at the Hotel Adlon in Berlin, as fans stood below. Holding him in his right arm, with a cloth loosely draped over the baby’s face, Jackson briefly extended the baby over the railing of the balcony, four stories above ground level, causing widespread criticism in the media. Jackson later apologized for the incident, calling it “a terrible mistake”.[114] Sony released a compilation of Jackson’s hits on CD and DVD. In the US, the album was certified platinum by the RIAA; in the UK it was certified for shipments of at least 1.2 million units.[70][115]

2003–05: Second child sexual abuse allegations

Fans show their support for Jackson after he is accused of child molestation in 2003.

In a series of interviews with Martin Bashir, broadcast in 2003 as Living with Michael Jackson, Jackson was seen holding hands and discussing sleeping arrangements with Gavin Arvizo, 13, who later accused him of sexual abuse.[116] Shortly after the documentary aired, Jackson was charged with seven counts of child molestation and two counts of administering an intoxicating agent in relation to Arvizo.[116]

Jackson denied the allegations, saying the sleepovers were not sexual in nature. Elizabeth Taylor defended him, saying she had been there when they were in the bed. “There was nothing abnormal about it,” she told Larry King. “There was no touchy-feely going on. We laughed like children and we watched a lot of Walt Disney. There was nothing odd about it.”[117] During the investigation, Jackson was examined by mental health professional Dr. Stan Katz, who spent several hours with the accuser too. Katz said Jackson was a regressed 10-year-old, and did not fit the profile of a pedophile.[118]

During the two years between the charges and the trial, Jackson reportedly became dependent on pethidine (Demerol), and lost a lot of weight. The People v. Jackson began on January 31, 2005, in Santa Maria, California, and lasted five months, until the end of May. On June 13, 2005, Jackson was acquitted on all counts.[119][120][121] After the trial, he relocated to the Persian Gulf island of Bahrain, as a guest of Sheikh Abdullah.[122]

2006–09: Final years

Michael Jackson with his children in Disneyland Paris, 2006

Reports of financial problems for Jackson became frequent in 2006 after the closure of the main house on the Neverland Ranch as a cost-cutting measure.[123] One prominent financial issue concerned a $270 million loan secured against his music publishing holdings. After delayed repayments on the loan, a refinancing package shifted the loans from Bank of America to debt specialists Fortress Investments. A new package proposed by Sony would have had Jackson borrow an additional $300 million and reduce the interest rate payable on the loan, while giving Sony the future option to buy half of Jackson’s stake in their jointly owned publishing company (leaving Jackson with a 25% stake).[94] Jackson agreed to a Sony-backed refinancing deal, although details were not made public.[124] Despite these loans, according to Forbes, Jackson was still making as much as $75 million a year from his publishing partnership with Sony alone.[125]

Jackson was awarded the Diamond Award on November 15, 2006, for selling over 100 million albums, at the World Music Awards.[73] Following the death of James Brown, Jackson returned to the U.S. to pay tribute during Brown’s public funeral on December 30, 2006.[126] In late 2006, he agreed to share joint custody of his first two children with ex-wife Debbie Rowe.[127] Jackson and Sony bought Famous Music LLC from Viacom in 2007. This deal gave him the rights to songs by Eminem, Shakira and Beck, among others.[128]

I’ve been in the entertainment industry since I was six-years-old… As Charles Dickens says, “It’s been the best of times, the worst of times.” But I would not change my career… While some have made deliberate attempts to hurt me, I take it in stride because I have a loving family, a strong faith and wonderful friends and fans who have, and continue, to support me.[129]

Michael Jackson

The 25th anniversary of Thriller was marked by the release of Thriller 25, recorded in Ireland[130], it featured the previously unreleased song “For All Time” and re-mixes. Two remixes were released as singles to moderate success: “The Girl Is Mine 2008” and “Wanna Be Startin’ Somethin’ 2008“. Thriller 25 sold well as a re-issue, peaking at number one in eight countries and Europe.[131][132][133] In 12 weeks Thriller 25 sold over three million copies worldwide.[134] To celebrate Jackson’s 50th birthday, Sony BMG released a series of compilation albums called King of Pop.[135][136] King of Pop did reach the top 10 in most countries where it was issued, and also sold well as an import in other countries.[137][138]

Fortress Investments threatened to foreclose on Neverland Ranch, which Jackson used as collateral for loans running into many tens of millions of dollars. However, Fortress opted to sell Jackson’s debts to Colony Capital LLC. In November, Jackson transferred Neverland Ranch’s title to Sycamore Valley Ranch Company LLC, which was a joint venture between Jackson and Colony Capital LLC. This deal cleared Jackson’s debt, and he reportedly even gained an extra $35 million from the venture. At the time of his death, Jackson still owned a stake in Neverland/Sycamore Valley, but it is unknown how large that stake was.[139][140][141]

In September 2008, financial concerns prompted Jackson to enter negotiations with Julien’s Auction House to display and auction a large collection of memorabilia amounting to approximately 1390 lots. The auction was scheduled to take place between April 22 and April[142] Though an exhibition of the lots opened on 9900 Wilshire Blvd between April 14 and 25, the auction was eventually cancelled at Jackson’s request.[143]

In March 2009 Jackson announced at London’s O2 arena that he would perform again in major comeback concerts titled This Is It at the venue. The shows were to be Jackson’s first major series of concerts since the HIStory World Tour finished in 1997, and had been cited as one of the year’s most important musical events with over one million people attending in total. Jackson suggested possible retirement during after the shows; in his own words it would be his “final curtain call”. Although initially a 10 date concert, it was increased to 50 dates after record breaking ticket sales. The concerts would have commenced on July 13, 2009 and finished on March 6, 2010. Less than three weeks before the first show was due to begin and with all concerts being sold out, Jackson died of a cardiac arrest.

AEG Live, the concert promoters, released a promotional video that took up an entire commercial break, setting a record for ITV. Randy Phillips, president and chief executive of AEG Live, stated that the first 10 dates alone would have earned the singer approximately £50 million. According to Jackson’s website, ticket sales for the concerts broke several records.[144] Randy Phillips, president and chief executive of AEG Live stated that the first 10 dates alone would earn the singer approximately £50 million.[145] It has now been confirmed that Columbia Pictures are to make a feature documentary concert-film from the rehearsal and pre-recorded footage.[146][147] The contract for the film stipulates that a cut of the film must be screened for Jackson’s estate, which stands to receive 90 percent of the profits. A final cut is due October 30, 2009, for a limited 2 week run in theatres worldwide.[148]

Death and memorial

On June 25, 2009, Jackson collapsed at his rented mansion at 100 North Carolwood Drive in the Holmby Hills district of Los Angeles. Attempts at resuscitating him by his personal physician were unsuccessful.[149] Los Angeles Fire Department paramedics received a 911 call at 12:22 p.m. (PDT), arriving three minutes later at Jackson’s location.[150][151] He was reportedly not breathing and CPR was performed.[152] Resuscitation efforts continued en route to the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, and for an hour after arriving there at 1:13 p.m. (20:13 UTC).[149] He was pronounced dead at 2:26 p.m. local time (21:26 UTC).[153][154]

The memorial was held on July 7, 2009, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, preceded by a private family service at Forest Lawn Memorial Park’s Hall of Liberty. Jackson’s casket was present during the memorial but no information was released about the final disposition of the body. While some unofficial reports claimed a worldwide audience as high as one billion people [155] the U.S. audience was estimated by Nielson to be 31.1 million, an amount comparable to the estimated 35.1 million that watched the 2004 burial of President Ronald Reagan, and the estimated 33.1 million Americans who watched the 1997 funeral for Princess Diana.[156]

Stevie Wonder, Lionel Richie, Mariah Carey, John Mayer, Jennifer Hudson, Usher, Jermaine Jackson, and Shaheen Jafargholi performed at the event. Berry Gordy and Smokey Robinson gave eulogies, while Queen Latifah read, “We had him,” a poem written for the occasion by Maya Angelou.[157] The Reverend Al Sharpton received a standing ovation when he told Jackson’s children, “Wasn’t nothing strange about your Daddy. It was strange what your Daddy had to deal with. But he dealt with it anyway.”[158] Jackson’s 11-year-old daughter, Paris Katherine, cried as she told the crowd, “Ever since I was born, Daddy has been the best father you could ever imagine … I just wanted to say I love him … so much.”[159] Michael Jackson will be buried on September 3, 2009.

On August 24, multiple news outlets quoted anonymous sources as stating that the Los Angeles coroner had decided to treat Jackson’s death as a homicide.[160][161] At the time of death, Jackson had been administered propofol, lorazepam and midazolam.[162] Law enforcement officials are currently conducting a manslaughter investigation of his personal physician, Conrad Murray.[163]

Musical style and performance

Influences

Jackson’s music genre takes roots in R&B, Motown‘s music, pop and soul. He had been influenced by the work of contemporary musicians such as Little Richard, James Brown, Jackie Wilson, Diana Ross, Fred Astaire and the Bee Gees.[164] He was also an admirer of performers from the English music hall tradition, such as Benny Hill and Charlie Chaplin.

While Little Richard had a huge influence on Jackson,[16] James Brown was for him and since early childhood, his greatest inspiration: “the master” or “a genius” especially when he was playing with its group, the Famous Flames, qualifying its performance of “phenomenal”. He declared: “Ever since I was a small child, no more than like six years old, my mother would wake me no matter what time it was, if I was sleeping, no matter what I was doing, to watch the television to see the master at work. And when I saw him move, I was mesmerized. I had never seen a performer perform like James Brown, and right then and there I knew that was exactly what I wanted to do for the rest of my life because of James Brown.”[165]

At first, the young Michael Jackson owes his vocal technique in large part to Diana Ross. In October 1969, it was decided that Michael lived with Diana Ross. Not only a mother figure to him, he often observed her in rehearsal as an accomplished performer. He later confessed: “I got to know her well. She taught me so much. I used to just sit in the corner and watch the way she moved. She was art in motion. I studied the way she moved, the way she sang – just the way she was.” He told her: ‘I want to be just like you, Diana’. She said: ‘You just be yourself.’”[166] But Michael especially owned his oooh’s from Diana Ross. At first, Michael almost always punctuated his verses of oooh. Not a long oooh but rather a sudden exclamation. Diana Ross used this effect on many of the songs recorded with the The Supremes, and young Michael was delighted to take ownership.[167]

Themes and genres

Steve Huey of Allmusic said that, throughout his solo career, Jackson’s versatility allowed him to experiment with various themes and genres.[168] As a musician, he ranged from Motown’s dance fare and ballads to techno and house-edged new jack swing to work that incorporates both funk rhythms and hard rock guitar.[10]

Unlike many artists, Jackson did not write his songs on paper. Instead he would dictate into a sound recorder; when recording he would sing from memory.[15][169] Several critics observed Off the Wall was crafted from funk, disco-pop, soul, soft rock, jazz and pop ballads.[168][170][171] Prominent examples include the ballad “She’s out of My Life“, and the two disco tunes “Workin’ Day and Night” and “Get on the Floor”.[170]

According to Huey, Thriller refined the strengths of Off the Wall; the dance and rock tracks were more aggressive, while the pop tunes and ballads were softer and more soulful.[168] Notable tracks included the ballads “The Lady in My Life”, “Human Nature” and “The Girl Is Mine“; the funk pieces “Billie Jean” and “Wanna Be Startin’ Somethin’“; and the disco set “Baby Be Mine” and “P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)“.[168][172][173][174] With Thriller, Christopher Connelly of Rolling Stone commented that Jackson developed his long association with the subliminal theme of paranoia and darker imagery.[174] Allmusic’s Stephen Thomas Erlewine noted this is evident on the songs “Billie Jean” and “Wanna Be Startin’ Somethin’”.[173] In “Billie Jean”, Jackson sings about an obsessive fan who alleges he has fathered a child of hers.[168] In “Wanna Be Startin’ Somethin’” he argues against gossip and the media.[174] The anti-gang violence rock song “Beat It” became a homage to West Side Story, and was Jackson’s first successful rock cross-over piece, according to Huey.[10][168] He also observed that the title track “Thriller” began Jackson’s interest with the theme of the supernatural, a topic he revisited in subsequent years.[168] In 1985, Jackson co-wrote the charity anthem “We Are the World“; humanitarian themes later became a recurring theme in his lyrics and public persona.[168]

“Thriller”
One of Jackson’s signature pieces, “Thriller”, released as a single in 1984, utilizes cinematic sound effects, horror film motifs and vocal trickery to convey a sense of danger.[14]

“Smooth Criminal”
A single from the album Bad, released 1988, “Smooth Criminal” features digital drum sounds, keyboard-created bass lines and other percussion elements designed to give the impression of a pulsing heart.[175]

Problems listening to these files? See media help.

In Bad, Jackson’s concept of the predatory lover can be seen on the rock song “Dirty Diana“.[176] The lead single “I Just Can’t Stop Loving You” is a traditional love ballad, while “Man in the Mirror” is an anthemic ballad of confession and resolution.[50]Smooth Criminal” was an evocation of bloody assault, rape and likely murder.[50] Allmusic’s Stephen Thomas Erlewine states that Dangerous presents Jackson as a stark paradoxical individual.[177] He comments the album is more diverse than his previous Bad, as it appeals to an urban audience while also attracting the middle class with anthems like “Heal the World“.[177] The first half of the record is dedicated to new jack swing, including songs like “Jam” and “Remember the Time“.[178] The album is Jackson’s first where social ills become a primary theme; “Why You Wanna Trip on Me”, for example, protests against world hunger, AIDS, homelessness and drugs.[178] Dangerous contains sexually charged efforts like “In the Closet“, a love song about desire and denial, risk and repression, solitude and connection, privacy and revelation.[178] The title track continues the theme of the predatory lover and compulsive desire.[178] The second half includes introspective, pop-gospel anthems such as “Will You Be There“, “Heal the World” and “Keep the Faith”; these songs show Jackson finally opening up about various personal struggles and worries.[178] In the ballad “Gone Too Soon“, Jackson gives tribute to his friend Ryan White and the plight of those with AIDS.[179]

HIStory creates an atmosphere of paranoia.[180] Its content focuses on the hardships and public struggles Jackson went through just prior to its production. In the new jack swing-funk-rock efforts “Scream” and “Tabloid Junkie”, along with the R&B ballad “You Are Not Alone“, Jackson retaliates against the injustice and isolation he feels, and directs much of his anger at the media.[181] In the introspective ballad “Stranger in Moscow“, Jackson laments over his “fall from grace”, while songs like “Earth Song“, “Childhood“, “Little Susie” and “Smile” are all operatic pop pieces.[180][181] In the track “D.S.“, Jackson launched a verbal attack against Tom Sneddon. He describes Sneddon as an antisocial, white supremacist who wanted to “get my ass, dead or alive”. Of the song, Sneddon said, “I have not — shall we say — done him the honor of listening to it, but I’ve been told that it ends with the sound of a gunshot”.[182] Invincible found Jackson working heavily with producer Rodney Jerkins.[168] It is a record made up of urban soul like “Cry” and “The Lost Children”, ballads such as “Speechless”, “Break of Dawn” and “Butterflies” and mixes hip hop, pop and rap in “2000 Watts”, “Heartbreaker” and “Invincible”.[183][184]

Vocal style

Jackson sang from childhood, and over time his voice and vocal style changed noticeably. Between 1971 and 1975, Jackson’s voice descended from boy soprano to high tenor.[185] Jackson first used a technique called the “vocal hiccup” in 1973, starting with the song “It’s Too Late to Change the Time” from the Jackson 5‘s G.I.T.: Get It Together album.[186] Jackson did not use the hiccup technique— somewhat like a gulping for air or gasping— fully until the recording of Off the Wall: it be seen in full force in the “Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)” promotional video. [11]

With the arrival of Off the Wall in the late 1970s, Jackson’s abilities as a vocalist were well regarded. At the time, Rolling Stone compared his vocals to the “breathless, dreamy stutter” of Stevie Wonder. Their analysis was also that “Jackson’s feathery-timbred tenor is extraordinarily beautiful. It slides smoothly into a startling falsetto that’s used very daringly”.[170][171] 1982 saw the release of Thriller, and Rolling Stone were of the opinion that Jackson was then singing in a “fully adult voice” that was “tinged by sadness”.[174]

Michael Jackson – “Black or White”
The lead single from Dangerous, the danceable hard rock song “Black or White” was one of Jackson’s most successful recordings. [187][188][189] It contains many features of Jackson’s vocal style, including the vocal hiccup he is known for.

The release of “Bad” in 1987 displayed gritty lead vocals on the verse and lighter tones employed on the chorus.[14] A distinctive deliberate mispronunciation of “come on”, used frequently by Jackson, occasionally spelt “cha’mone” or “shamone”, is also a staple in impressions and caricatures of him.[190] The turn of the 1990s saw the release of the introspective album Dangerous. The New York Times noted that on some tracks, “he gulps for breath, his voice quivers with anxiety or drops to a desperate whisper, hissing through clenched teeth” and he had a “wretched tone”.[178] When singing of brotherhood or self-esteem the musician would return to “smooth” vocals.[178]

When commenting on Invincible, Rolling Stone were of the opinion that—at the age of 43—Jackson still performed “exquisitely voiced rhythm tracks and vibrating vocal harmonies”.[191] Nelson George summed up Jackson’s vocals by stating “The grace, the aggression, the growling, the natural boyishness, the falsetto, the smoothness—that combination of elements mark him as a major vocalist”.[175]

Music videos and choreography

Steve Huey of Allmusic observed how Jackson transformed the music video into an art form and a promotional tool through complex story lines, dance routines, special effects and famous cameo appearances; simultaneously breaking down racial barriers.[168] According to director Vincent Paterson, who collaborated with the singer on several music videos, Jackson conceptualized many of the darker, bleak themes in his filmography.[192]

US patent 5255452, filed by Jackson, described the anti-gravity lean used in the music video for “Smooth Criminal“.

Before Thriller, Jackson struggled to receive coverage on MTV, allegedly because he was African American.[193] Pressure from CBS Records persuaded MTV to start showing “Billie Jean” and later “Beat It”, leading to a lengthy partnership with Jackson, also helping other black music artists gain recognition.[194] MTV employees deny any racism in their coverage, or pressure to change their stance. MTV maintains that they played rock music, regardless of race.[195] The popularity of his videos on MTV helped to put the relatively young channel “on the map”; MTV’s focus shifted in favor of pop and R&B.[194][196] Short films like Thriller largely remained unique to Jackson, while the group dance sequence in “Beat It” has frequently been imitated.[197] The choreography in Thriller has become a part of global pop culture, replicated everywhere from Indian films to prisons in the Philippines.[198] The Thriller short film marked an increase in scale for music videos, and has been named the most successful music video ever by the Guinness World Records.[61]

In the 19-minute music video for “Bad“—directed by Martin Scorsese—Jackson began using sexual imagery and choreography not previously seen in his work. He occasionally grabbed or touched his chest, torso and crotch. While he has described this as “choreography,” it garnered a mixed reception from both fans and critics; Time magazine described it as “infamous”. The video also featured Wesley Snipes; in the future Jackson’s videos would often feature famous cameo roles.[46][199] For “Smooth Criminal“, Jackson experimented with an innovative “anti-gravity lean” in his performances, for which he was granted U.S. Patent No. 5,255,452.[200] Although the music video for “Leave Me Alone” was not officially released in the US, in 1989, it was nominated for four Billboard Music Video Awards, winning three; the same year it won a Golden Lion Award for the quality of the special effects used in its production. In 1990, “Leave Me Alone” won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form.[59]

The MTV Video Vanguard Artist of the Decade Award was given to Jackson to celebrate his accomplishments in the art form in the 1980s; the following year the award was renamed in his honor.[74]Black or White” was accompanied by a controversial music video, which, on November 14, 1991, simultaneously premiered in 27 countries with an estimated audience of 500 million people, the largest viewing ever for a music video.[73] It featured scenes construed as having a sexual nature as well as depictions of violence. The offending scenes in the final half of the 14-minute version were edited out to prevent the video from being banned, and Jackson apologized.[201] Along with Jackson, it featured Macaulay Culkin, Peggy Lipton and George Wendt. It helped usher in morphing as an important technology in music videos.[202]

Jackson and sister Janet angrily retaliate against the media for misrepresenting them to the public. The acclaimed video for “Scream” was shot primarily in black and white, and at a cost of $7 million.

Remember the Time” was an elaborate production, and became one of his longest videos at over nine minutes. Set in ancient Egypt, it featured groundbreaking visual effects and appearances by Eddie Murphy, Iman and Magic Johnson, along with a distinct complex dance routine.[203] The video for “In the Closet” was Jackson’s most sexually provocative piece. It featured supermodel Naomi Campbell in a courtship dance with Jackson. The video was banned in South Africa because of its imagery.[74]

The music video for “Scream“, directed by Mark Romanek and production designer Tom Foden, is one of Jackson’s most critically acclaimed. In 1995, it gained 11 MTV Video Music Award Nominations—more than any other music video—and won “Best Dance Video”, “Best Choreography”, and “Best Art Direction”.[204] The song and its accompanying video are a response to the backlash Jackson received from the media after being accused of child molestation in 1993.[205] A year later, it won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form; shortly afterwards Guinness World Records listed it as the most expensive music video ever made at a cost of $7 million.[97][206]

Earth Song” was accompanied by an expensive and well-received music video that gained a Grammy nomination for Best Music Video, Short Form in 1997. The video had an environmental theme, showing images of animal cruelty, deforestation, pollution and war. Using special effects, time is reversed so that life returns, wars ends, and the forests re-grow.[97][207] Released in 1997 and premiering at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival, Ghosts was a short film written by Jackson and Stephen King and directed by Stan Winston. The video for Ghosts is over 38 minutes long and holds the Guinness World Record as the world’s longest music video.[97][105][208][209]

Unreleased material

Jackson is known to have recorded and worked on a large amount of music and video material which has never been released. Apart from his last original single “One More Chance” released in 2003 and the out-takes and remixes on the 2008 Thriller 25 package, he released no new songs after the Invincible album came out in 2001. However, Jackson did spend considerable time in the studio during the last several years of his life.

Filming for a “One More Chance” video began on November 18, 2003 for but was suspended after police raids on Jackson’s Neverland Ranch.[210] MTV replaced the video with a video montage sourced from throughout Jackson’s career.[211]

Dangerous” , the title track of Michael Jackson’s eighth solo studio album released in November 1991, was planned as the tenth single from the album. These plans were canceled, after allegations of child sexual abuse were made against Jackson in August 1993. A “Dangerous” video was filmed in 1992 by avant-garde director David Lynch, and considered a rarity among collectors.[212]

After his death, Jackson’s estate and his record label, Epic Records, have both stated that many recordings will be released in the future. His unreleased music includes out-takes from his many albums as well as newer material.[213][214]

In July 2009, the celebrity news blog TMZ.com posted a 25-second excerpt of a song entitled “A Place With No Name.” The song is based on “A Horse with No Name” by the band America. Jim Morey (both Jackson’s and America’s former band manager) has stated that “America was honored that Michael chose to do their song and they hope it becomes available for all Michael’s fans to hear.”[215][216] The song is the only posthumous material published in a mainstream venue, although a number of other tracks have been leaked unofficially. These have purportedly included recent material as well as out-takes from the Dangerous album.[citation needed]

Legacy and influence

Jackson’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, set in 1984

Jackson transformed the art of the music video and paved the way for modern pop music in his own country. Jackson’s work, distinctive musical sound and vocal style have influenced scores of hip hop, pop and R&B artists, including Mariah Carey,[217] Usher,[218] Britney Spears,[217] Justin Timberlake[108] and R. Kelly.[175] For much of his career, he had an “unparalleled” level of worldwide influence over the younger generation through his musical and humanitarian contributions.[219]

Michael Jackson was inducted onto the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1984. Throughout his career he received numerous honors and awards, including the World Music Awards‘ Best-Selling Pop Male Artist of the Millennium, the American Music Award‘s Artist of the Century Award and the Bambi Pop Artist of the Millennium Award.[110][220] He was a double-inductee of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, once as a member of The Jackson 5 in 1997 and later as a solo artist in 2001. Jackson was also an inductee of the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2002.[110] His awards include multiple Guinness World Records (eight in 2006 alone), 13 Grammy Awards, 13 number one singles in his solo career—more than any other male artist in the Hot 100 era—and the sale of between 350 and 750 million records worldwide, making him the world’s best selling male solo pop artist.[21][61][73][221][222][223]

Queues for a Michael Jackson concert in West Berlin in June 1988

He was characterized as “an unstoppable juggernaut, possessed of all the tools to dominate the charts seemingly at will: an instantly identifiable voice, eye-popping dance moves, stunning musical versatility and loads of sheer star power”.[168] In the mid-1980s, Time described Jackson as “the hottest single phenomenon since Elvis Presley“.[25] By 1990, Vanity Fair had already cited Jackson as the most popular artist in the history of show business.[59] Daily Telegraph writer Tom Utley called him an “extremely important figure in the history of popular culture” and a “genius”.[224] In late 2007, Jackson said the following of his work and future influence, “Music has been my outlet, my gift to all of the lovers in this world. Through it, my music, I know I will live forever.”[225]

His total lifetime earnings from royalties on his solo recordings and music videos, revenue from concerts and endorsements have been estimated at $500 million; some analysts have speculated that his music catalog holdings could be worth billions of dollars.[60][226] This speculation however is contradicted by financial documents obtained by the Associated Press, which showed that as of March 31, 2007, Jackson’s 50 percent stake in the Sony/ATV Music Publishing catalog (his most prized asset) was worth $390.6 million and Michael Jackson’s net worth was $236 million.[1] As one of the world’s most famous men, Jackson’s highly publicized personal life, coupled with his successful career, made him a part of popular culture for four decades.[73][227]

Discography

1. Cathie Jung, wanita dengan pinggang terkecil di dunia
Sungguh ini bukan merupakan karya olahan sotoSop, namun ini benar benar kenyataan gan dimana Cathie Jung memiliki ukuran pinggang hanya 15 Inchi (28 cm), sehingga dia menyandang julukan sebagai Ratu Corset bahkan rekor inipun akhirnya dimasukan pada Guiness Book of The Records sebagai pemegang rekor untuk pinggang terkecil.

Spoiler for kas:

Kehebatan lainnya dari Jung adalah mampu keluar dari tas koper setelah melipat diri di dalamnya hanya dalam waktu yang sangat singkat yaitu 13 detik sangat lentur sekali tubuhnya.

2. Lui Hua : Tangan Terbesar –Panjang Jempol Kirinya 10, 2 Inchi
Berasal dari Cina, Lui Hua menderita kelainan yang lebih dikenal dengan sebutan Macrodactyly, sebenarnya kondisi tersebut sudah lumayan berkurang karena sebelumnya Lui sempat menjalani beberapa operasi bedah untuk meringankan beban besar jarinya, dan kedepan masih ada beberapa kemungkinan dilangsungkan beberapa operasi lagi di Rumah Sakit di kota Shanghai

Spoiler for kus:

3. Annika Irmler : Lidah Terpanjang
Annika Irmler adalah seorang siswi dari Jerman, dengan lidahnya yang lebih panjang dari rata-rata panjang lidah manusia normal dirinya berhasil mencatatkan di Guiness Book Of The Record, ketika usianya 12 tahun Annika yang berasal dari Tangstedt, dekat Hamburg Jerman ini mampu menjilat bagian terbawah dari sisa Es Krim yang pembungusnya berbentuk seperti terompet itu sedang teman-temannya harus mengorek ngrek sisa Es Krim tadi menggunakan jari mereka.

Spoiler for kas:

klo di pke buat grepnyoy gmn gan ??

4. Lee Redmond : Jari Kuku Terpanjang, Sempat Rusak Karena Kecelakaan Mobil
Seorang wanita dari negara bagian Utah Amerika Serikat yang belum pernah memotong kuku di jarinya sejak tahun 1979, selalu merawatnya dengan manicure dengan total panjang 8, 65 meter dan sempat tercatat di Buku Rekor Dunia, Guiness Book of The Record sebagai pemilih kuku jari tangan terlama, sayangnya pada bulan Februari tahun ini sebuah kecelakaan tabrakan mobil yang dialaminya membuat rusak dan patah kuku-kukunya yang istimewa ini.

Spoiler for kus:

5. Radhakant Baijpai : Rambut Di Telinga Terpanjang (13 cm lebih )
Pria penjual makanan yang berasal dari India ini memiliki keinginan untuk menjadi orang dengan rambut yang berada ditelinga terpanjang, dan akhirnya Buku Rekor Dunia pun mencatatkannya tahun 2003 sepanjang 13,2 cm tetapi itupun tidak serta merta membuatnya berpuas diri, dirinya terus merawat rambut di telinganya itu, dan tidak heran bila kini dirinya bersiap siap untuk memperbaharui catatan rekornya di buku Guiness Book dengan panjang 25 cm sungguh panjang bukan?

Spoiler for kaS:

kebayang klo lagi jole gan ..

6. Svetlana Pankratova : Kaki Terpanjang di Dunia
Panjang kakinya sampai 132 cm sehingga total tinggi badannya sec 1ara keseluruhan hingga 196 cm, bukan saja kakinya yang tinggi namun ukuran sepatunyapun termasuk sangat besar untuk ukuran normal, Pankratova memiliki ukuran sepatu sebesar 46 (size Eropah) atau 13 (size Amerika) pernah menjadi pemain basket di Amerika tahun 1992 hingga 1995 dan tahun 2008, dirinya sempat hadir di Trafalgar Square London ketika dipertemukan dengan Pingping yang berpredikat sebagai orang terkecil di dunia ketika mereka berdua mempromosikan edisi terbaru dari buku Guiness Book tahun 2009.

Spoiler for KUs:

7. Mehmet Ozyurek : Ukuran Hidung Terpanjang
Lahir di Turki tahun 1949 , telah dikukuhkan menjadi manusia dengan hidung terpanjang di dunia dengan rekor tercatat 8, 8 cm, rekor ini sendiri dicatat pada tanggal 6 juli 2007 sampai saat ini Mehmet tinggal di Artvin Turki

Spoiler for kas:

8. Devendra Harne dan Pranamya Menaria: Manusia Dengan Jumlah Jari Terbanyak (25 jari)
Keduanya berasal dari India, mereka berdua sama sama memiliki 25 jumlah jari baik tangan maupun kaki yaitu 12 tangan dan 13 kaki yang sebetulnya kondisi ini diakibatkan oleh gejala medis yang disebut dengan Polydactylism.

Spoiler for kus:

9. Frank Ames : Pemilik Alis Mata Terpanjang
Frank berasal dari Saranac New York, bulu alisnya memiliki panjang diluar kewajaran yaitu 9,6 cm ketika rekornya tercatat di buku Guiness Book tahun 2003, dirinya sendiri mengaku tidak begitu faham mengapa kondisi seperti itu bisa dia alami.

Spoiler for kas:

10. Vivian Wheeler : Wanita Langka Yang Memiliki Jenggot
Sekilas kalau Anda melihat penampilannya maka tidak sedikitpun Anda terpikir dirinya adalah sosok wanita tulen, karena Vivian asli Illinois Amerika Serikat memiliki Jenggot lebat selayaknya seorang pria dewasa, dan kondisi ini dialamainya sejak kanak-kanak. Sejak usia 7 tahun ayahnya sudah berusaha keras untuk mencukur jenggot yang tumbuh di dagu Vivian, namun selalu saja tumbuh lagi.

Spoiler for kus:

bruakakakakak ….. kimpoi gan….

Lamb of God merupakan band thrash metal Amerika yang terbentuk di tahun 1990 di daerah Richmond, Virginia yang awalnya dikenal dengan nama Burn the Priest. Mereka merubah nama tersebut setelah merilis debut album yang bertitel sama dengan nama band, yakni Burn the Priest (album) di tahun 1999.Lamb of God konsisten dengan vokalis Randy Blythe, gitaris Mark Morton dan Willie Adler, bassis John Campbell, dan drummer Chris Adler. Selain itu musik yang mereka mainkan juga dikenal sebagai New Wave of American Heavy Metal.

Sejauh ini mereka telah merilis enam album penuh, satu album live dan tiga DVD dengan penjualan yang rata-rata mencapai lebih dari dua juta keping untuk wilayah Amerika. Dan di tahun 2007 band ini dianugrahi penghargaan Grammy untuk kategori Best Metal Performance atas rilisan bertitel Sacrament yang beredar di tahun 2006. Lamb of God telah melakukan tur Ozzfest sebanyak dua kali dan mereka juga tampil di hajatan Download, Soundwave serta Gigantour.

Untuk pertama kalinya, band ini tampil di Indonesia yang diadakan oleh Solucites di tanggal 9 Maret 2009 dengan kesuksesan luar

last love..!

pada suatu waktu pacar loe dateng ke hums u..!

pas tu cewe u g ke ujanan pasti u suruh masuk ke kamar u buat gnti baju.

pas tu u dpet tlpon dari sohib u..! DIA BILANG’ SOB PACAR U DAH GK DA..!”

ap yg u lakukan?

u dateng ke kamar buat ketemu yg terakhir kalinya>>!

pa u kabur keluar?

cinta bisa u pilih..!

Ronaldinho (nama asli: Ronaldo Assis de Moreira lahir di Porto Alegre, 21 Maret 1980; umur 29 tahun) adalah seorang pemain sepak bola berkebangsaan Brasil yang sejak Juli 2008 membela tim AC Milan. Tinggi badannya sekitar 180 cm. Ia mendapatkan gelar pemain terbaik dunia versi Fédération Internationale de Football Association pada tahun 2004 dan 2005.

Ia merupakan pemain dengan penghasilan tertinggi melampaui David Beckham dari LA Galaxy

Ronaldinho

Informasi pribadi

Nama lengkap Ronaldo de Assís Moreira
Nama panggilan El Maestro, Gaúcho, Dinho
Ronnie, El Mago
Tanggal lahir 21 Maret 1980 (umur 29)
Tempat lahir Porto Alegre, Brasil
Tinggi 1,81 m (5 kaki 11 in)
Posisi bermain Gelandang menyerang

Informasi klub

Klub saat ini AC Milan

Klub junior

1997-1998 Gremio

Klub senior1

Tahun Klub Tampil (Gol)
1998-2001
2001-2003
2003-2008
2008-
Gremio
Paris Saint-Germain
FC Barcelona
AC Milan
35 (14)
55 (17)
207 (94) [1]

Tim nasional2

1999- Brasil 82 (32)

1 Penampilan dan gol di klub senior
hanya dihitung dari liga domestik dan
akurat per 18 Juli 2008.
2 Penampilan dan gol di tim nasional
akurat per 2 Juli 2008.

Ronaldinho (nama asli: Ronaldo Assis de Moreira; lahir di Porto Alegre, 21 Maret 1980; umur 29 tahun) adalah seorang pemain sepak bola berkebangsaan Brasil yang sejak Juli 2008 membela tim AC Milan. Tinggi badannya sekitar 180 cm. Ia mendapatkan gelar pemain terbaik dunia versi Fédération Internationale de Football Association pada tahun 2004 dan 2005.

Ia merupakan pemain dengan penghasilan tertinggi melampaui David Beckham dari LA Galaxy.

Referensi

  1. ^ ESPN (Last updated: 25 Juni 2007)
  2. ^ Brazilians rally behind Cup favourites, BBC News, 25 Mei 2006. Diakses pada 19 Januari 2009.

David Robert Joseph Beckham (lahir di Leytonstone, London, 2 Mei 1975; umur 34 tahun) adalah seorang pesepak bola Inggris yang sejak 1 Juli 2007 memperkuat LA Galaxy di Major League Soccer di Amerika Serikat. Sebelumnya ia pernah bermain di Manchester United dan Real Madrid. Ia memulai karir sepak bolanya di akademi sepak bola milik Manchester United. Beckham mahir dalam umpan silang dan tendangan bebas melengkung. Istrinya adalah Victoria Beckham, mantan personil grup musik Spice Girls.

David Beckham Informasi pribadi Nama lengkap David Robert Joseph Beckham Tanggal lahir 2 Mei 1975 (umur 34) Tempat lahir Leytonstone, London, England Tinggi 1.83 m (6 ftin)[1] Posisi bermain Sayap Kanan
Gelandang Tengah Informasi klub Klub saat ini AC Milan Nomor 32 Klub junior 1991–1993 Manchester United Klub senior1 Tahun Klub Tampil (Gol) 1993–2003
1995
2003–2007
2007–
2008- Manchester United
Preston North End (dipinjamkan)
Real Madrid
Los Angeles Galaxy
AC Milan (dipinjamankan) 265 (61)
5 (2)
116 (13)
5 (1)
Tim nasional2 1994–1996
1996– Inggris U21
Inggris 9 (0)
107 (17)

1 Penampilan dan gol di klub senior
hanya dihitung dari liga domestik dan
akurat per 22:12, 26 Oktober 2008 (UTC).
2 Penampilan dan gol di tim nasional
akurat per 12:00, 22 Oktober 2008 (UTC).

David beckham

Zinedine Yazid Zidane (IPA: [ˌzineˈdin jaziːd ziˈdan]; bahasa Arab: زين الدين زيدان, Zainuddin Zidan lahir 23 Juni 1972) yang terkenal dan populer dengan nickname Zizou adalah seorang pesepak bola Perancis keturunan Aljazair. Posisinya adalah gelandang menyerang. Memulai karir sebagai pemain di klub AS Cannes, ia kemudian bermain di Bordeaux, Juventus dan terakhir Real Madrid. Ia pensiun dari sepak bola klub pada tahun 2006 dan pensiun dari tim nasional sepak bola Perancis setelah Piala Dunia 2006.

Setelah penampilan yang sangat fantastis di Piala Dunia 1998 dan Piala Eropa 2000, tidak sedikit publik sepak bola yang menganggapnya sebagai pemain terbaik di dunia. Kelebihan dan keahliannya melakukan dribbling dan penguasaan bola sering membuat pemain lawan merasa frustasi karena sulitnya merebut bola darinya. Pelatih-pelatihpun beranggapan bahwa memaksakan man-to-man marking terhadap Zidane adalah pekerjaan sia-sia. Bahkan produsen olahraga asal Jerman Adidas membuat “formasi baru” yakni 4-Zidane-2.

Pada 1993, Zidane menikah dengan Véronique Zidane (kelahiran Lentisco), seorang mantan pedansa Perancis dan model Spanyol

Informasi pribadi Nama lengkap Zinedine Yazid Zidane Nama panggilan Zizou Tanggal lahir 23 Juni 1972 Tempat lahir Marseille, Perancis Tinggi 185 cm Posisi bermain Gelandang menyerang Klub senior1 Tahun Klub Tampil (Gol) 1988-1992
1992-1996
1996-2001
2001-2006 AS Cannes
Girondins Bordeaux
Juventus F.C.
Real Madrid 61 (6)
135 (28)
151 (24)
`55 (37)    Tim nasional 1994-2006 Perancis 108 (31) [1]

1 Penampilan dan gol di klub senior
hanya dihitung dari liga domestik.

Cristiano Ronaldo – Player Profile

Profile and Footballing career information of Cristiano Ronaldo.

Personal information and Biodata

Ronaldo born in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal on 5th February, 1985.

Football Career

Manchester United Winger, Cristiano Ronaldo started his top level career when he moved to Sporting Lisbon in 1996. In his first match for Sporting, Ronaldo scored two goals against Moreirense.

Ronaldo’s transfer to Manchester United(Man Utd)

In 2003 Manchester United were playing a friendly match with Sporting Lisbon, and Ronaldo was impressive in that 3-1 win against United. Sir Alex Ferguson quickly made the decision to sign the Portuguese star and Ronaldo then completed the move to Old Trafford. Ronaldo was given the number 7 shirt, which David Beckham left in the summer of 2003.

Ronaldo’s ability is his extra-ordinary dribbling and speed. His playing position is normally right wing but he can also switch to left position. In his first match for Manchester United he showed his skills and the crowd enjoyed that game against Bolton Wanderers.

Cristiano RonaldoCristiano Ronaldo

Ronaldo’s performance playing for Portugal

Ronaldo made his international debut for Portugal’s national team in a match against Kazakhstan in August 2003. Since then, he has become a key member of the national team. In 2004 he participated in the Euro 2004, he started the tournament as a sub, but his performances quickly bought Luiz Felipe Scolari’s attention to make him a part of the starting eleven. He played every game of Euro 2004. Portugal however lost to Greece in the final.

In the 2006 World Cup in Germany, Ronaldo helped his side to get in the semi-finals. France defeated Portugal in the semis and Portugal finished as fourth in the tournament.

Back in England, Ronaldo continued with his form and Manchester United won 2007 and 2008 English Premiership titles. United also lifted the UEFA Champions League trophy in 2008 when they beat Chelsea at Moscow.

Ronaldo Transfer Rumors and gossips circulating in the media

Ronaldo’s performance is attracting the big clubs and Ronaldo himself hasn’t yet ruled out possibility of joining the Spanish Giant Real Madrid.

Cristiano Ronaldo FIFA World Player of the Year 2009 Award Winner

The Manchester United and Portugal winger Cristiano Ronaldo was decleared 2009 FIFA World Player of the Year, ahead of runner-up Lionel Messi of Barcelona and Liverpool’s Spanish striker Fernando Torres in third place to take the award at a star-studded gala in Zurich.

Watchout for our updates and additions to Cristiano Ronaldo’s profile, including Cristiano Ronaldo history, Cristiano Ronaldo goals, Cristiano Ronaldo achievements, Cristiano Ronaldo best scores, Cristiano Ronaldo biodata, Cristiano Ronaldo best goals, Cristiano Ronaldo club appearances, Cristiano Ronaldo pictures, Cristiano Ronaldo videos, Cristiano Ronaldo Galery

//

//

Biodata cR Mar 16, ’08 4:24 AM
for everyone
Cristiano Ronaldo, Pemain Sayap Kiri Manchester United
BIODATA

Nama : Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro

Lahir : Funchal, Portugal 5 Februari 1985

Posisi : Sayap Kiri/Kanan, Foward

Klub : Manchester United

Nomor Punggung : 7

Karir :

  1. Klub Andorinha
  2. Klub CD Nacional (1995)
  3. Klub Sporting CP, 25 games, 3 gol (1999 – 2003)
  4. Manchester United, 134 games, 36 gol (2003 – sekarang)
  5. Tim Nasional Portugal, 48 games, 19 gol (2003 – sekarang)


Penghargaan :

  1. Liga Premier FA, Manchester United (2006 – 2007)
  2. Piala FA, Manchester United (2004)
  3. Piala Liga Sepakbola, Manchester United (2006)
  4. Community Shield, Manchester United (2007)
  5. Pemain Terbaik PFA 2007
  6. Pemain Muda Terbaik PFA 2007
  7. Pemain Favorit Terbaik PFA 2007
  8. Tim Terbaik PFA Premiership (2005-2006,2006-2007)
  9. Penghargaan dari Asosiasi Football Writers’ (2007)
  10. Barclays Player of the Season (2006-2007)
  11. Barclays Player of the Month (November 2006, Desember 2006)
  12. PFA Fans’ Player of the Month (Oktober 2006, Februari 2007)
  13. Pemain Terbaik Manchester United (2006-2007)
  14. Pemain Terbaik Sir Matt Busby (2006-2007)
  15. Pemain Terbaik Portugal (2007)


BIOGRAFI

Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro, lahir pada tanggal 5 Februari 1985 di Funchal adalah seorang pemain sepakbola berkebangsaan Portugal. Saat ini ia bemain di klub Manchester United di posisi sayap kiri. Ia memulai karir internasionalnya dengan membela tim nasional Portugal sejak tahun 2003.

Cristiano Ronaldo mulai bermain sepakbola pada saat usianya tiga tahun. Tim favoritnya ketika masih muda adalah SL Benfica. Ia bermain untuk pertama kalinya dengan tim amatir, Andorinha, ketika usianya 8 tahun. Tahun 1995, reputasi Cristiano Ronaldo sudah berkembang di Portugal.

Dua tim sepakbola terkenal, CS Marítimo dan CD Nacional tertarik dengan Cristiano Ronaldo. Marítimo, tim terbesar tertinggal mengadakan rapat dengan manajer Andorinha, hasilnya Ronaldo masuk ke CD Nacional. Setelah mendapatkan juara di Nacional, Ronaldo pindah ke Sporting CP.

Ronaldo memulai debut pertamanya bersama Sporting saat melawan Moreirense dan menghasilkan skor dua gol. Ia juga menjadi fitur Portugal dalam kejuaraan UEFA Under 17.

Penampilannya di kejuaraan UEFA Under 17 membawa perhatian sepakbola dunia. Yang pertama kali melihat penampilan Ronaldo adalah manajer Liverpool F.C, Gérard Houllier. Tetapi Liverpool menolaknya karena Ronaldo masih terlalu muda dan memerlukan waktu untuk berkembang menjadi pemain sepakbola yang terkenal.

Pada tahun 2003, Ronaldo mendapat perhatian dari Sir Alex Ferguson, ketika Sporting mengalahkan Manchester United dengan skor 3-1 di inagurasi Alvalade XXI di stadium Lisbon.

Ferguson memutuskan menginginkan pemain muda untuk timnya, Ronaldo menandatangani kontrak dengan harga £12.24 juta. Debut pertamanya dengan Manchester United (MU) adalah pada saat melawan Bolton Wanderers di menit ke-60 di stadium Old Trafford dengan kemenangan MU 4-0.

Debut karir internasionalnya yaitu pada bulan Agustus 2003 saat Portugal melawan Kazakhstan. Di pembukaan Euro 2004, Portugal kalah dari Yunani dengan hasil 2-1. Pada saat semifinal melawan Belanda, Ronaldo menciptakan gol pertamanya dengan hasil akhir 2-1 kemenangan bagi Portugal.

Ronaldo menghantarkan Portugal ke Olimpiade Musim Panas 2004, dan ia menjadi skor tertinggi nomor dua fi Kualifikasi Piala Dunia FIFA di zona Eropa dengan 7 gol. sampai tanggal 17 Juni 2005, skor Ronaldo adalah 11 gol dalam 25 pertandingan untuk Portugal.ristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro, OIH (IPA: [kɾɨʃˈtiɐnu ʁuˈnaɫdu]; born 5 February 1985)[1] is a Portuguese footballer who plays as a winger for English Premier League club Manchester United and the Portuguese national team.

Ronaldo began his career as a youth player at C.D. Nacional and his successes with the team led to a move to Sporting two seasons afterwards. Ronaldo’s precocious talent caught the attention of Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson and he signed the 18-year-old for £12.24 million in 2003. He earned his first cap for the Portuguese national team around the same time. He won his first club honour, the FA Cup, the following season and reached the final of the UEFA Euro 2004 with Portugal, scoring his first international goal in the process.

The next three years saw Ronaldo rising to global prominence, scoring frequently at both club and international level and receiving various awards for his accomplishments. The 2006–072007–08, was his best yet as he retained the Premier League and won his first UEFA Champions League, the highest European club honour. Additionally, he was the Premier League’s top scorer, won the European Golden Shoe, and was named the FIFPro World Player of the Year 2008.[2]Ballon d’Or.[3] season brought him his first Premier League title. The following season at Manchester United, On 2 December, Ronaldo was awarded the 2008

Johan Cruijff said in an interview on 2 April 2008, “Ronaldo is better than George Best and Denis Law, who were two brilliant and great players in the history of United.”[4]

Early life

Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro was born on 5 February 1985 in Funchal, Madeira, the youngest child of Maria Dolores dos Santos Aveiro and José Dinis Aveiro. His second given name, “Ronaldo,” was chosen after then-U.S. president Ronald Reagan, who was his father’s favourite actor at the time.[5] He has one older brother, Hugo, and two older sisters, Elma and Liliana Cátia.[1]

Club career

Early career

Ronaldo’s favourite boyhood team was S.L. Benfica. At the age of eight, he played for amateur team C.F. Andorinha, where his father was the kit man. In 1995, Ronaldo signed with local club CD Nacional, and after a title-winning campaign, he went on a three-day trial with Sporting CP, who subsequently signed him for an undisclosed sum.[6]

Sporting Clube de Portugal

Ronaldo joined Sporting’s other youth players who trained at the Alcochete, the club’s football academy. He became the only player ever to play for Sporting’s U-16, U-17, U-18, B-team, and first team, all within one season.[7] He scored two goals in his Sporting debut against Moreirense, while featuring for Portugal in the UEFA Under 17 Championships.[8]

He was first spotted by then-Liverpool F.C. manager Gérard Houllier at sixteen, but Liverpool declined to take him on because they decided he was too young and needed some time to develop his skills.[9] However, he came to the attention of Manchester United manager Sir Alex FergusonEstádio José Alvalade in Lisbon. Ronaldo’s performance impressed the Manchester United players, who urged Ferguson to sign him.[10] in the summer of 2003, when Sporting defeated United 3–1 in the inauguration of the

Manchester United

Ronaldo became Manchester United’s first-ever Portuguese player when he signed for £12.24 million after the 2002–03 season.[11] He requested the number 28 (his number at Sporting), as he did not want the pressure of living up to the expectation linked to the number 7 shirt, which had previously been worn by team legends like Best, Bryan Robson, Eric Cantona, and David Beckham. “After I joined, the manager asked me what number I’d like. I said 28. But Ferguson said ‘No, you’re going to have No. 7,’ and the famous shirt was an extra source of motivation. I was forced to live up to such an honour.”[12]

Ronaldo with Manchester United

Ronaldo made his team debut as a 60th-minute substitute in a 4-0 home victory over Bolton Wanderers, and scored United’s thousandth Premier League goal on 29 October 2005 in a 4-1 loss to Middlesbrough He scored ten goals in all competitions, and fans voted him to consecutive FIFPro Special Young Player of the Year awards in 2005 and 2006.

In November and December 2006, Ronaldo received consecutive Barclays Player of the MonthDennis Bergkamp in 1997 and Robbie Fowler in 1996.[13][14] He scored his fiftieth career Manchester United goal against city rivals Manchester City F.C. as United claimed their first Premier League title in four years. honours, becoming only the third player in Premier League history to do so after

Despite rumours circulating in March 2007 that Real Madrid were willing to pay an unprecedented €80 million (£54 million) for Ronaldo,[15] he signed a five-year, £120,000-a-week extension with United on 13 April, making him the highest-paid player in team history.[16][17]

Ronaldo was involved in several diving incidents during the 2006-07 campaign. He was criticised by manager Gareth Southgate for diving in a December 2006 match against Middlesbrough.[18]Tottenham HotspurSteed Malbranque.[19]PFA Players’ Player of the Year and PFA Young Player of the Year awards, joining Andy Gray (in 1977) as the only players to receive this honour.[20] In April, he completed the treble by winning the PFA Fans’ Player of the Year. Ronaldo was also one of seven Manchester United players named in the 2006–07 PFA Premier League Team of the Year. On 4 February 2007, Ronaldo was again accused of diving in a match against when he won a penalty kick despite little contact from Tottenham winger Despite the controversies, Ronaldo nonetheless amassed a host of personal awards for the season. He won the

Ronaldo’s 2007–08 season began with a red card for an alleged headbutt of Portsmouth F.C.Richard Hughes during United’s second match of the season, for which he was punished with a three-match ban.[21] Ronaldo said he had “learned a lot” from the experience and would not let players “provoke” him in the future.[22] After scoring the only goal in a Champions League road match against Sporting Lisbon, Ronaldo also scored the injury-time winner in the return fixture as Manchester United topped their CL group.[23] player

He finished as the runner-up to Kaká for the 2007 Ballon D’or,[24] and was third in the running for the FIFA World Player of the Year award, behind Kaká and Lionel Messi.[25]

Ronaldo scored his first hat trick for Manchester United in a 6–0 win against Newcastle UnitedOld Trafford on 12 January 2008, bringing Manchester United up to the top of the Premier League table.[26] He scored his twenty-third league goal of the season in a 2–0 win against Reading, equalling his entire total for the 2006–07 season.[27] During a 1–1 Champions League first knockout round draw against Olympique Lyonnais on 20 February, an unidentified Lyon supporter continuously aimed a green laser at Ronaldo and United teammate Nani, prompting an investigation by UEFA.[28] One month later, Lyon were fined CHF5,000 (£2,427) for the incident.[29] at

On 19 March 2008, Ronaldo captained the United for the first time in his career in a home win over Bolton, scoring both goals in the 2–0 victory.[30] The second of the goals was his 33rd of the campaign, which set a new club single-season scoring record by a midfielder and thus topped George Best’s forty-year-old total of 32 goals in the 1967–68 season.[31] Ronaldo scored another brace in a 4–0 win over Aston Villa on 29 March, which at the time gave him 35 goals in 37 domestic and European matches as both a starter and substitute. Ronaldo’s torrid scoring streak was rewarded with his becoming the first winger to win the 2007–08 European Golden Shoe, finishing eight points ahead of Mallorca‘s Dani Güiza.[32]

In the 2007–08 Champions League final on 21 May against league rivals Chelsea, Ronaldo scored the opening goal after 26 minutes, which was negated by a Chelsea equalizer in the 45th minute as the match ended 1–1 after extra time. His misfire in the penalty shoot-out put Chelsea in position to win the trophy, but John Terry shot wide right after slipping on the pitch surface, and Manchester United emerged victorious 6–5 on penalties. Ronaldo was named the UEFA Fans’ Man of the Match,[33] and wrapped up the campaign with a career-high 42 goals in all competitions, falling just four short of Denis Law‘s team-record mark of 46 in the 1963–64 season.

On 5 June 2008, Sky Sports reported that Ronaldo had expressed an interest in moving to Real Madrid if they offered him the same amount of money the team had allegedly promised him earlier in the year.[34] Manchester United filed a tampering complaint with FIFA on 9 June over Madrid’s alleged pursuit of Ronaldo, but FIFA declined to take any action.[35][36] Speculation that a transfer would happen continued until 6 August, when Ronaldo confirmed that he would stay at Manchester for at least another year.[37]

Ronaldo underwent ankle surgery at the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam on 7 July.[38]UEFA Champions League goalless group-stage draw with Villarreal as a substitute for Park Ji-Sung,[39] and scored his first overall goal of the season in a 3–1 League Cup third round win over Middlesbrough on 30 August. He returned to action on 17 September in United’s

Ronaldo scored his 100th and 101st goals in all competitions for Manchester United in a 5–0 win over Stoke City on 15 November 2008, both from free kicks.[40] The goals also meant that Ronaldo had now scored against each of the other 19 teams in the Premier League at the time.[41]

On 2 December 2008, Ronaldo became Manchester United’s first Ballon d’Or recipient since George Best in 1968. He finished with 446 points, 165 ahead of runner-up Lionel Messi.[42]

International career

Ronaldo earned his first cap for Portugal in a 1-0 victory against Kazakhstan in August 2003. He was called up for Euro 2004, scoring in a 2-1 group stage loss to eventual champions Greece and in a 2-1 semifinal win over the Netherlands. He was named in the team of the tournament despite finishing with only two goals.[43] That same year, he also represented Portugal at the 2004 Summer Olympics.

2006 World Cup

He was the second-highest scorer in FIFA World Cup qualification in the European zone with seven goals,[43] and scored his first and only World Cup goal against Iran with a penalty kick.[44]

During a quarter-final match against England on 8 July 2006, Ronaldo’s United teammate Wayne Rooney was sent off for stomping on Portugal defender Ricardo Carvalho. The English media speculated that Ronaldo had influenced referee Horacio Elizondo‘s decision by aggressively complaining, after which he was seen in replays winking at the Portuguese bench following Rooney’s dismissal. After the match, Ronaldo insisted that Rooney was a friend and that he was not pushing for Rooney to be sent off.[45] On 4 July, Elizondo clarified that the red card was due to Rooney’s infraction and not the fracas between Rooney and Ronaldo that followed.[46]

The angry reaction from the English press caused Ronaldo to consider leaving United,[47] and he allegedly told Spanish sports daily Marca that he wished to move to Real Madrid.[48] In response to the speculation, Ferguson sent Portuguese assistant manager Carlos Queiroz to speak to Ronaldo in attempt to change his mind, a sentiment that was shared by Rooney.[49][50][51] Ronaldo stayed, and signed his new five-year extension in April 2007.

Ronaldo was booed during Portugal’s semifinal defeat to France, and missed out on the competition’s Best Young Player award due to a negative e-mail campaign from England fans.[52]Germany‘s Lukas Podolski, citing Ronaldo’s behaviour as a factor in the decision.[53] Though the online vote only affected the nomination process, FIFA’s Technical Study Group awarded the honor to

Post-World Cup

One day after his twenty-second birthday, Ronaldo captained Portugal for the first time in a friendly against Brazil on 6 February 2007. This move was in honour of Portuguese Football Federation president Carlos Silva, who had died two days earlier. Portugal coach Luiz Felipe Scolari explained, “Mr. Silva asked me to make [Ronaldo] captain as a gesture…[he] is too young to be captain, but Mr. Silva asked me, and now he is no longer with us.”[54]

Ronaldo scored eight goals in Portugal’s UEFA Euro 2008 qualifying campaign,[55] but finished with only one goal in the tournament as Portugal were eliminated in the quarter-finals.

International goals

Cristiano Ronaldo‎: International goals
# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1 12 June 2004 Estádio do Dragão, Porto, Portugal Greece 1–2 1–2 Euro 2004
2 30 June 2004 Estádio José Alvalade, Lisbon, Portugal Netherlands 2–0 2–1 Euro 2004
3 4 September 2004 Skonto stadions, Riga, Latvia Latvia 0–1 0–2 World Cup 2006 Qualifying
4 8 September 2004 Estádio Dr. Magalhães Pessoa, Leiria, Portugal Estonia 1–0 4–0 World Cup 2006 Qualifying
5 13 October 2004 Estádio José Alvalade, Lisbon, Portugal Russia 2–0 7–1 World Cup 2006 Qualifying
6 13 October 2004 Estádio José Alvalade, Lisbon, Portugal Russia 4–0 7–1 World Cup 2006 Qualifying
7 17 November 2004 Stade Josy Barthel, Luxemburg City, Luxembourg Luxembourg 0–2 0–5 World Cup 2006 Qualifying
8 4 June 2005 Estádio da Luz, Lisbon, Portugal Slovakia 2–0 2–0 World Cup 2006 Qualifying
9 8 June 2005 A. Le Coq Arena, Tallinn, Estonia Estonia 0–1 0–1 World Cup 2006 Qualifying
10 1 March 2006 LTU Arena, Düsseldorf, Germany Saudi Arabia 0–1 0–3 Friendly
11 1 March 2006 LTU Arena, Düsseldorf, Germany Saudi Arabia 0–3 0–3 Friendly
12 17 June 2006 Waldstadion, Frankfurt, Germany Iran 2–0 2–0 World Cup 2006
13 7 October 2006 Estádio do Bessa, Porto, Portugal Azerbaijan 1–0 3–0 Euro 2008 Qualifying
14 7 October 2006 Estádio do Bessa, Porto, Portugal Azerbaijan 3–0 3–0 Euro 2008 Qualifying
15 15 November 2006 Estádio Cidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal Kazakhstan 2–0 3–0 Euro 2008 Qualifying
16 24 March 2007 Estádio José Alvalade, Lisbon, Portugal Belgium 2–0 4–0 Euro 2008 Qualifying
17 24 March 2007 Estádio José Alvalade, Lisbon, Portugal Belgium 4–0 4–0 Euro 2008 Qualifying
18 22 August 2007 Hanrapetakan Stadium, Yerevan, Armenia Armenia 1–1 1–1 Euro 2008 Qualifying
19 8 September 2007 Estádio da Luz, Lisbon, Portugal Poland 2–1 2–2 Euro 2008 Qualifying
20 17 October 2007 Almaty Central Stadium, Almaty, Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0–2 1–2 Euro 2008 Qualifying
21 11 June 2008 Stade de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland Czech Republic 1–2 1–3 Euro 2008


Career statistics

Club Season League Cup League Cup Europe Other[56] Total
Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Sporting CP 2002–03 25 3 3 2 3 0 0 0 31 5
Total 25 3 3 2 3 0 0 0 31 5
Manchester United 2003–04 29 4 5 2 1 0 5 0 0 0 40 6
2004–05 33 5 7 4 2 0 8 0 0 0 50 9
2005–06 33 9 2 0 4 2 8 1 0 0 47 12
2006–07 34 17 7 3 1 0 11 3 0 0 53 23
2007–08 34 31 3 3 0 0 11 8 1 0 49 42
2008–09 14 8 0 0 1 1 5 0 2 1 22 10
Total 177 74 24 12 9 3 48 12 3 1 261 102
Career total 202 77 27 14 9 3 51 12 3 1 292 107

Statistics accurate as of match played 26 December 2008[57]

Honours

Club

Manchester United

Individual

Orders

Think about the generations, and say we wanna make it a better
place for our children and our children’s children, so that they…
They, they… They know it’s a better world for them.
And think if they can make it a better place…”

There’s a place in your heart
And I know that it is love
And this place could be much
Brighter than tomorrow
And if you really try
You’ll find there’s no need to cry
In this place you’ll feel
There’s no hurt or sorrow

There are ways to get there
If you care enough for the living
Make a little space
Make a better place

Heal the world
Make it a better place
For you and for me
And the entire human race
There are people dying
If you care enough for the living
Make a better place
For you and for me

If you want to know why
There’s a love that cannot lie
Love is strong
It only cares of joyful giving
If we try we shall see
In this bliss we cannot feel, fear or dread
We stop existing and start living

Then it feels that always
Love’s enough for us growing
Make a better world
Make a better world

Heal the world
Make it a better place
For you and for me
And the entire human race
There are people dying
If you care enough for the living
Make a better place
For you and for me

And the dream we were conceived in
Will reveal a joyful face
And the world we once believed in
Will shine again in grace
Then why do we keep strangling life
Wound this earth, crucify its soul
Though it’s plain to see
This world is heavenly
Be God’s glow

We could fly so high
Let our spirits never die
In my heart
I feel you are all my brothers
Create a world with no fear
Together we’ll cry happy tears
See the nations
Turn their swords into plowshares

We could really get there
If you cared enough for the living
Make a little space
To make a better place

Heal the world
Make it a better place
For you and for me
And the entire human race
There are people dying
If you care enough for the living
Make a better place
For you and for me

Heal the world
Make it a better place
(Oh, my friends)
For you and for me
And the entire human race
There are people dying
If you care enough for the living
Make a better place
For you and for me

You and for me
You and for me

Heal the world we live in
Save it for our children,

saia,post lagu nie…

Biar kita sadar akan membuat bumi kita baik kembali…

well,guys udah saat’a kta generasi muda memperbaiki bumi kita ini…

thanks….

By:Prakiti

Pada saat ulang tahun Bella ke 18, saat bella ingin membuka kado tangannya tergores dan mengeluarkan darah,Jasper terpancing Jasper adalah satu-satunya vampire d kluarga cullen yang belum bisa menahan nafsu memangsanya.Hal ini membuat Edward membanting Bella ke samping dan menahan keganasan Jasper.Karena kejadian itu membuat keluarga Cullen cemas dan akhirnya memutuskan untuk meninggalkan Bella selamanya dan pindah dari Forks,Washingthon bersama keluarganya

Bella yang sangat tertekan karena kehilangan Edward akhirnya menjadi sedikit nyaman karena adanya Jacob Black.Tapi, kenyataannya terbuka Jacob ternyata adalah werewolf.Satu-satunya makluk sejenis srigala yang mampu mengalahkan vampire.Inilah mengapa di Twilight keluarga Jacob dan Keluarga Edward saling bermusuhan.Yah..karena serigala adalah musuh vampire.

Setelah kepergian keluarga Cullen masalah datang kembali,Victoria kekasih James(vampire jahat yang telah dibunuh keluarga Cullen)memburu Bella.

Keadaan ini membuat Bella amat tertekan dan mencoba bunuh diri di atas tebing,Tapi kejadian ini terbaca Alice yang bisa membaca masa depan.Edward yang mengira Bella sudah mati malah pergi ke keluarga Volturi,Itali,Bangsawan vampire yang bisa membunuh sesama vampire dengan mudah.

Bella dan Alice berhasil mencegah Edward,Sesampainya di Forks  Bella meminta untuk menjadi keluarga Cullen yang setelah terjadi pro dan kontra.Dr Callise akhirnya mengizinkan Bella menjadi vampire setelah lulus sekolah.

Sayangnya Edward tidak sabar,Edward lantas berkata bila Bella ingin menikah dengannya.Edward sendiri yg akan mengigitnya dan mengubahnya menjadi vampire.Bella mengalami dilema,Disisi satu dia merasa senang,tapi di sisi lain dia bingung beralasan pada ortunya yang menginginkan Bella menikah di umur 30 tahun dan bukan pada saat umur 18 seperti saat ini.

Nah,guys…

nie lah sedikit bocoran tentang Film New Moon…

Klo mau kisah lengkapnya kita tunggu ja ntar….

Ok….

Thanks..^^v

By:Prakiti

Kenyataan bahwa keluarga Edward adalah vampir, yang meski telah berusaha tidak meminum darah manusia dan menggantinya dengan

// <![CDATA[// // <![CDATA[// darah binatang, tidak menghilangkan sifat dasar yang selalu haus darah manusia. Dan Bella berada di sana, manusia dengan darah segar dari pembuluh yang terus berdenyut dan berbau menggoda, seolah siap dirobek oleh gigi-gigi mereka yang tajam. Namun akankah kenyataan tersebut membuat Bella ketakutan? Ternyata tidak. Kehancuran gadis itu justru ketika Edward meninggalkannya dengan tiba-tiba. Benarkah Edward sudah tidak mencintainya lagi? Apakah berada di samping Bella terlalu berat bagi vampir tampan itu? Untuk senantiasa menahan keinginan untuk membunuh gadis itu. Tanpa kata Edward pergi membawa semua kenangan mereka sehingga seolah dia tidak pernah berada di samping Bella.

Sanggupkah Bella menerima kenyataan ini? Berbulan-bulan dia hidup bagai orang mati dan mengabaikan semuanya. Hingga dia jatuh ke dalam pelukan Jacob Black, remaja Indian tampan yang telah lama jatuh hati pada Bella. Namun ternyata cinta mereka juga sama bahaya dan terlarangnya. Kenyataan bahwa Jacob Black adalah seorang manusia serigala yang musuh utama vampir memantapkan posisi Bella sebagai daya tarik terhadap masalah.
Namun di sela pergulatan cinta segi tiga itu Edward justru hadir kembali. Mampukah dia memenangkan kembali hati Bella? Apalagi dengan peristiwa yang terjadi dan melibatkan sepasukan vampir yang menegakkan aturan di antara vampir-vampir di dunia demi melindungi eksistensi mereka. Namun kenapa justru di tengah berbagai masalah tersebut, Edward justru kembali menyatakan cintanya pada Bella dan melamarnya? Lalu bagaimanakah dengan Jacob Black?

by:Prakiti

Aku bermimpi suatu hari aku pergi ke surga dan seorang malaikat menemaniku dan menunjukkan keadaan di surga. Kami berjalan memasuki suatu ruang kerja penuh dengan para malaikat. Malaikat yang mengantarku berhenti di depanruang kerja pertama dan berkata, ” Ini adalah Seksi Penerimaan. Di sini, semua permintaan yang ditujukan pada Allah diterima”. Aku melihat-lihat sekeliling tempat ini dan aku dapati tempat ini begitu sibuk dengan begitu banyak malaikat yang memilah-milah seluruh permohonan yang tertulis pada kertas dari manusia di seluruh dunia. Kemudian aku dan malaikat-ku berjalan lagi melalui koridor yang panjang lalu sampailah kami pada ruang kerja kedua. Malaikat-ku berkata, “Ini adalah Seksi Pengepakan dan Pengiriman. Di sini kemuliaan dan berkat yangdiminta manusia diproses dan dikirim ke manusia-manusia yang masih hidup yang memintanya”. Aku perhatikan lagi betapa sibuknya ruang kerja itu. Adabanyak malaikat yang bekerja begitu keras karena ada begitu banyaknya permohonan yang dimintakan dan sedang dipaketkan untuk dikirim ke bumi. Kami melanjutkan perjalanan lagi hingga sampai pada ujung terjauh koridor panjang tersebut dan berhenti pada sebuah pintu ruang kerja yang sangatkecil. Yang sangat mengejutkan aku, hanya ada satu malaikat yang duduk di sana, hampir tidak melakukan apapun. “Ini adalah Seksi Pernyataan Terima Kasih”, kata Malaikat-ku pelan. Dia tampak malu. “Bagaimana ini? Mengapa hampir tidak ada pekerjaan disini?”, tanyaku. “Menyedihkan”, Malaikat-ku menghela napas. ” Setelah manusia menerima berkat yang mereka minta, sangat sedikit manusia yang mengirimkan pernyataan terima kasih”. “Bagaimana manusia menyatakan terima kasih atas berkat Tuhan?”, tanyaku. “Sederhana sekali”, jawab Malaikat. “Cukup berkata, “Terima kasih, Tuhan”. “Lalu, berkat apa saja yang perlu kita syukuri”, tanyaku. Malaikat-ku menjawab, “Jika engkau mempunyai makanan di lemari es, pakaian yang menutup tubuhmu, atap di atas kepalamu dan tempat untuk tidur, maka engkau lebih kaya dari 75% penduduk dunia ini.” “Jika engkau memiliki uang di bank, di dompetmu, dan uang-uang receh, maka engkau berada diantara 8% kesejahteraan dunia.” “Dan jika engkau mendapatkan pesan ini di komputer mu, engkau adalah bagian dari 1% di dunia yang memiliki kesempatan itu.” Juga…. “Jika engkau bangun pagi ini dengan lebih banyak kesehatan daripada kesakitan … engkau lebih diberkati daripada begitu banyak orang di dunia ini yang tidak dapat bertahan hidup hingga hari ini.” “Jika engkau tidak pernah mengalami ketakutan dalam perang, kesepian dalam penjara, kesengsaraan penyiksaan, atau kelaparan yang amat sangat, maka engkau lebih beruntung dari 700 juta orang di dunia”. “Jika orangtuamu masih hidup dan masih berada dalam ikatan pernikahan … maka engkau termasuk orang yang sangat jarang.” “Jika engkau masih bisa mencintai … maka engkau termasuk orang yang besar, karena cinta adalah berkat Tuhan yang tidak didapat dari manapun.” “Jika engkau dapat menegakkan kepala dan tersenyum, maka engkau bukanlah seperti orang kebanyakan, engkau unik dibandingkan semua mereka yang berada dalam keraguan dan keputusasaan.” “Jika engkau dapat membaca pesan ini, maka engkau menerima berkat ganda, yaitu bahwa seseorang yang mengirimkan ini padamu berpikir bahwa engkau orang yang sangat istimewa baginya, dan bahwa engkau lebih diberkati dari pada lebih dari 2 juta orang di dunia yang bahkan tidak dapat membaca sama sekali”. Nikmatilah hari-harimu, hitunglah berkat yang telah Tuhan anugerahkan kepadamu. Dan jika engkau berkenan, kirimkan pesan ini ke semua teman-temanmu untuk mengingatkan mereka betapa. diberkatinya kita semua. “Dan ingatlah tatkala Tuhanmu menyatakan bahwa, ‘Sesungguhnya jika kamu bersyukur, pasti Aku akan menambahkan lebih banyak nikmat kepadamu .”

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